434 Route 60. PISA. North East Quarters.
(p. 436) for a critical study of Pisan ecclesiastical architecture. In
the Via Ventinove Maggio is the —
University (La Sapienza; Pl. D, 4), a large edifice of 1493,
extended in 1543, with a handsome early-Renaissance court. The
Library contains 120,000 vols. and several valuable MSS. (including
the famous Statuto di Pisa, or fundamental law of the city).
The Univeraity, meníioned in history aa early as the 12th cent., and
extended by Cosimo I. in 1542, is now provided with a staff of about 60
professors, and is atlended by 1100 students. The celebrated Galilea (p. 436)
waa appointed profeasor of maíhematica here in 1610. — Connecíed wiíh ií
are íhe Museum of Natural History (enírance, Via del Museo 6), founded in
1596, chiefly illusíraíive of íhe ornithology and geology of Tuscany, and
the Botanical Garden (Pl. B, C, 2, 3; ring at the gate in the Via Solferino,
opposite the barracks), one of the oldest in Italy, founded in 1547, remod-
elled in 1563 by the celebrated Cesalpino, and íransferred in 1595 ío íhe
presení pife, which waa laid ouf by Giuseppe Benincasa. Fine cedara of
The Via San Lorenzo, beginning behind Santo Stefano ai Cava¬
lieri (p. 433), leads to the N.E. Quakteb. of the town. To the left
lies the pleasant Piazza di Santa Caterina, shaded with plane-trees,
and embellished with a Statue of Grand-Duke Leopold I. (d. 1792),
in Román garb, by Pampaloni (1832). At the N.E. angle of this
piazza rises the church of —
Santa Caterina (Pl. E, 2), erected about 1253, with an interest¬
ing facade in the Pisan-Gothic style.
Interior. To íhe leff of íhe enírance, íhe monument of Archbishop
Simone Saltarelli, by Niño Pisano, 1342. Altar-piece (3rd on the left) of
St. Thomaa Aquinaa, with hia glory, by Francesco Traini, 1341. In íhe
laí chapel to the right of the choir, a Madonna with SS. Peter and Paul
by Fra Bartolomeo and Mariotlo Albertinelli (1511), and a marble group of
the Annunciation by Niño Pisuno.
From the Via San Lorenzo we turn to the right through the Via
Santa Elisabetta to the Piazza San Francesco.
San Francesco (Pl. F, 3), a Gothic convent-church of the 13-
14th cent., with a handsome campanile, was restored in 1900.
Interior. The choir is adorned with ceiling-frescoea by Taddeo Gaddi
(1342). — The ceiling-freacoes in the sacristy are by Taddeo di Bartolo
(1397; Death and Aasnmption of íhe Virgin).
The chapter-house, to the E. of the first cloister-walk on íhe lefí side
of íhe church, is embellished wiíh valuable but. much damaged frescoea by
Niccolb d' Pietro Gerini (1392; Scenea from the Passion).
The rest of the monastery of S. Francesco is fitted up as the
Museo Civico (Pl. F, 2), and chiefly contains works of the earliest
Tuscan painters and sculptors. It is open daily, 10-4 (comp. p. 427);
good catalogue (1905), 1 fr. Entrance from the garden on the N.
side of the Piazza San Francesco.
The Second Cloister-Walk, which we enter first, contains fragments
of Pisan sculpturea of the 14-15th centuries. — In a side-room beside the
entrance are preserved the remains of the oíd 'Cathedral Pulpit, which was
executed by Giov. Pisano and his pupila in 1302-11, taken ío piecea afíer
íhe burning of the church, and partly destroyed. Among the relies are-
in front, Four cardinal virtues, above which is the city of Pisa with two
sucklings as a symbol of fertility; adjoining, Evangelists, above Christ-
behind, Two lions and a Column with allegorical figures of Faith Hope'