MONTEPIANO. 57. Route. 407
The Highroad from Bologna to Florence (6372 M.), constructed in
1762, leaving the former city by the Porta Santo Stefano (Pl. H, 7), leads
through the valley of the Savena to (972 M.) Pianoro, and thence ascends via.
(I8V2 M.) Loiano (2360 ft.) and (2372 M.) Monghidoro (2705 ft.) to the (28 M.)
Passo della Raticosa (3175 ft). It then leads through the upper valley of
the Santerno to (2872 M.) Pietramala (a little to the E. of which are the
subterranean firea known as the Fuochi di Pietramala) and along theE. slopes
of the Monte Beni (4124 ft.) to (3272 M.) Covigliaio (2860 ft.; Alb. Covigliaio,
pens., incl. wine, 8-10 fr., open mid-June to mid-Sept.), a summer-resort
of the Florentines, at the base of the Sasso di Castro (4190 ft.). Thence
we cross the (3672 M.) Passo della Futa (2S60 ft.) and enter the valley of
the Sieve, in which, beyond Barberino di Mugello, a side-road diverges for
San Piero a Sieve (p. 421). The main road follows a hilly course via (56 M.)
Vaglia (p. 421) and Pratolino (p. 557) to (63'/2 M.) Florence (p. 457).
A Branch-Line (3772 M. in 2i/2 3 hrs.) runs to the N.W. from Bologna
to Poggio Rusco (p. 264), via (2672 M.) San Felice sul Panuro (p. 376).
57. From Bologna to Florence viá Pistoia.
8272 M. Railway in 374-6 hra. (farea 15 fr. 45, 10 fr. 80, 6 fr. 95 c.; ex-
preaa 17 fr., 11 fr. 90 c). A dining-car is attached to the 'lightning expresa'.
— A boldly-constructed line, with fine views of the valleys and ravinea
of the Apennines (generally to the left), and afterwards of the rich plains
Bologna, see p. 386. — The train crosses the Reno and follows the
left bank, skirting the slope of the Monte della Guardia (p. 406).
On an island in the Reno, not far from Bologna, the Second Trium-
virate was concerted by Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus, B.C. 43.
3 M. Boro-o Panigale. Near (6M.) Casalecchio di Reno the army
of Giovanni I. Bentivoglio was defeated by Gian Galeazzo Visconti
in 1402, and in 1511 that of Pope Julius II. under the Duke of
TJrbino, by the French. Steam-tramway, see p. 387.
The valley of the Reno contracts. — 12 M. Sasso (425 ft.).
A picturesque Highroad leads from Sasso over the ApeDnines to (49 M.)
Prato. The road at flrst ascends to the S. in the valley of the brook
Setta, from which a subterranean aqueduct, constructed by Augustus and
restored in 1881, leads to Bologna. The chief places on the road are (7 M.)
Vado (4£0ft.), Lagaro (IVft «.; 1310 ft.), and (25 M.) Castiglione dei Pepoli
(2265 ft.; diligence twice daily to Prato in 574-572 hrs.), where we quit
the valley and begin to aacend to the (2672 M.) Serra (2625 ft.), the creat
of the ridge.
On the S. side, on the ridge of tbe Montepiano, liea the village of
(3072 M.) Montepiano (2235 ft.; "Alb.-Pens. Gemmi, pena. incl. wiue 5-7 fr.;
Pens. de Londres), a favourite summer-reaort in a finely wooded neigh-
bourhood. The road now descends in many windinga into the valley of the
íiumenta, and reachea San Quirico di Vernio (885 ft.; Alb. della Posta),
usually known as Vernio, in a picturesque situation.
Below Vernio begina the pictureeque and industrious Val di Bisenzio
in which the road passes (3672 M.) Mercaiale (810 ft.; rustic inn), Vaiano
(43 M.; 540 ft.), Briglia, Santa Lucia (where we traverse a gorge known
as II Cavalciotto), and Coiano (250 ft.). — 49 M. Prato, aee p. 455.
17 M. Marzabotto, with the Villa Aria (important art-collections)
and the remains of an Etruscan town and necrópolis. líetwcen this
point andPracchia there are 22 tunnels. — At (24 M.) Verguío tli<:
valley expands. 29 M. Rióla; on the left rise the steep rocky puaki
of Mte. Ovólo and Mte. Vigese (3580 ft.); a landslip from tlie luU.-r