North Quarters. BOLOGNA. 56. Route. 405
lst Chapel on the left: "Enthroned Madonna, with SS. Rochua, Bernard-
ine, Anthony, and Sebastian, by Fr. Francia; above, a Pietá, below, Christ
bearing the Croas. The window above represents St. James of Compo-
stella, after a cartoon by Ir. Francia. Last altar to the left, an Assump¬
tion and a Resurrection in the lunette, by Lor. Costa (?); 5th altar on the
right, Amico Aspertini, Madonna with SS. Lucy and Nicholas. Adjoining
the sacriaty-door is the tomb of the acholar Beroaldus, with hia bust, by
Vincenzo Onofri (1504).
On the N. side of the town, inside the walls and on the former
site of the Castello di Galliera, rises the slight eminence of La
Montagnola (Pl. E,*F, 1, 2), a promenade adorned with some
bronzes by Diego Sarti. The Arena del Pallone (p. 387) is situated
here. To the W. is the Scalea della Montagnola, a handsome flight
of steps, built in 1893-96 by Tito Azzolini, descending to the Via
dell' Indipendenza (p. 396) and to the Porta Galliera (Pl. E, 1). —
On the S. is the Piazza dell' Otto Agosto, where the Austrians were
attacked in 1848 by the Bolognese and compelled to evacúate the
town. A few paces to the S.W., in the Via dell' Indipendenza, i§
an equestrian statue of Garibaldi, by Ces. Zocchi (190Ó).
Between the Porta Santo Stefano and the Porta Castiglione
(tramways see p. 387) is the beautiful public park of the Giardini
Margherita (Pl. H, G, 7), extending to the foot of the hills and
now the favourite promenade of the Bolognese. The park contains
a pond (rowing-boats). On the E. side is a music pavilion (concerts,
see p. 387).
Immediately to the left, outside the Porta Castiglione, is Santa
Maria della Misericordia (Pl. F, 7 ; rebuilt after 1473), the church
of the brothe.rhood mentioned on p. 477.
Interior (when closed ring at the door to the right). 2nd chapel on
the right, stained glass designed by Francia, Madonna and the Saviour;
last chapel on the right, window, John the Baptist, by the same. Above
the high-altar a figure of Christ, and at the sides Madonna and Ángel of
the Annunciation, by Lor. Costa (1499). At the 3rd altar on the left, G. M.
Crespi, St. Nepomuk; 2nd altar to the left, Bagnacavallo, Madonna in
clouds, two saints below (the master's best work).
The Strada Castiglione (Pl. F, 7), or the Via Panorámica di San
Michele, which leads to the left from the t raro way-terniinus out¬
side the Porta d'Azeglio (Pl. D, 7), ascends in 10 min. to San Michele
in Bosco (440 ft.; comp. Map, p. 406), an Olivetan monastery dating
from 1437 (suppressed in 1797), now an Orthopaedic Institute. From
the front of the church fine view of Bologna and the plain. To visit
the interior, apply to the 'Dimostratore', to the right of the church
(fee i/2 fr.). The church, Tebuilt after 1514, has a fine portal by
Bald. Peruzzi (1523); the aisleless interior contains remains of
frescoes by Bagnacavallo and others. The cloisters are adorned with
frescoes by the Carracci and their pupils, from the history of SS.
Benedict, Cecilia, and Valerian, unfortunately much injured. — At
the crossing of the roads near S. Michele lies the Villa Revedin,