AULLA. 52. Route. 371
march through N. Italy. — 2172 M. Lesignan0 i Palmia; 26 M.
Valmozzola. — 2872 M. Berceto.
Berceto is the station for the village of Berceto (2590 ft.; Alb. Agnetti),
11M. above the railway, the Romanesque church of which displaya primitive
sculptures; and for the highroad to Pontremoli. About l/a M. above Berceto,
near the prettily situated hamlet of Poggio di Berceto (2760 f t.; Alb. alia Poata,
ruatic), thia road unites with one from Fornovo (see above), before as¬
cending to the S.W., with continuoua fine viewa (in clear weather the Arpa
are viaible to the N.), to the pass of La Cisa (3415 ft.; view limited to the
S.), beyond which it descenda viá the little aummer-reaort of Montelungo
(2705 ft.; Hót. Apennino, R. from 2, board 5 fr.) to Pontremoli (see below),
in the valley of the Magra.
38 M. Borgotaro. The little town (1350 ft.; Alb. Dati), with a
well-preserved town-wall, lies in a small brown-coal basin, 72 M.
beyond the Taro, on the highroad to Sestri Levante (p. 114).
The line pierces the main chain of the Apennines by the Borgallo
Tunnel, which is nearly 5 M. in length (transit in 9 min.). At the
end of the tunnel, in the valley of the Torrente Verde, lies (4372 M-)
Grondola-Quinadi. — Passing through several tunnels, the train
descends the valley of the Magra to —
49 M. Pontremoli (770 ft.; Alb. Flora, very fair ; Alb. Valiani),
a little town with 4100 inhab., beautifully situated amid flne moun¬
tain scenery. It is the seat of a bishop and possesses a cathedral
and a high-lying castle, and is the starting-point for the ascent of
the Monte Gottero (5376 ft.; about 6 hrs.; flne views) and of the
Monte Orsaro (6000 ft.; 4-5 hrs.). —- Thence the railway descends
the broad valley of the Magra, through the fertile Lunigiana (comp.
p. 114). — 56 M. Villafranca-Bagnone. Villafranca is the ancestral
seat of the ancient line of the Malaspina. — We cross the Taverone.
62 M. Aulla (210 ft.; Alb. Italia), a beautifully situated little
place, at the confluence of the Aulella with the Magra, dominated
by the fortress of Brunella (1543).
From Aulla to Castelnuovo di Garfagsana, 41 M., highroad (carr.
40 fr.). The road leada via (IO72 M.) Fivizzano (p. 361), whence a route to
Reggio divergea on the left, (15 M.) Terenzano, and (2072 M.) Montefiore to
the (24 M.) Foce di Carpinelli (2755 ft.), the pasa between the Alpi Apuane
(p. 123) and the Apennines. Thence it descends through wood into the
Garfagnana, the upper valley of the Serchio, to (31 M.) Piazza al Serchio
(1645 ft.) and flnally passes through an imposing gorge viá (34 M.) Cam-
porgiano (1560 ft.; inn; p. 123) to (41 M.) Castelnuovo di Garfagnana (910 ft.;
Alb. il Globo; Alb. Genovesi), the former capital of the Garfagnana. It
is situated at the confluence of the Turrite and the Serchio, on the high¬
road (p. 376) between (Modena) Sassuolo and the Bagni di Lucca. The
castle (Rocca) ia now the sotto - prefettura; l'/2 M. to the W. liea the
frontier-fortresa of Monlalfonso (1485 ft.; now a prison), erected in 1579 by
Alfonso II., Duke of Ferrara.
We cross the Aulella. — 67 M. Santo Stefano di Magra, with
an oíd town-wall.
From Santo Stefano to Spezia , 772 M., railway in 20 min. (fares
i fr. 40, 1 fr., 65 c). — The line diverges to the S. from the main line,
crosses the Magra, and at (27í M.) Vezzano Ligure joins the Genoa-Pisa
railway (R. 20). Henee to (772 M.) Spezia, see p. 119.
The main line follows the left bank of the Magra. — 72 M.
Sarzana, a station on the Genoa-Pisa line (see p. 119).