Picture Gallery. PARMA. 51. Route. 369
Rooms XVII-XXI are devoted to Correggio and form the chief part of
the gallery. — XVII. Room. "1 (350), Repose during the flight to Egypt
('Madonna della Scodella'), painted about 1528 for the church of S. Sepolcro
(in the original frame). 'The picture breathea a spirit of cheerful and calm
emotion and is suffused in a soft and sunny glow. The figures, marked
by the most delicate gradationa of light and shadow, atand out clearly
againat the darker wooded background, the tone of which ia of a juicy
greeniah-brown' (Meyer, Correggio). — XVIII. Room : 2 (758). Annunciation,
fresco from the church of Santissima Annunziata, Parma. — XIX. Room :
*3 (31). Madonna della Scala, a celebrated fresco (much injured); **4 (351).
Madonna di San Girolamo, also known as 'II Giorno' (1527; the figure of
the Magdalen is especially admired). — XX. Room. Photographs of works
by Correggio. — XXI. Room: *6 (353). Martyrdom of SS. Placidus, Flavia,
Eutychiu£, and Victorinus (painted about 1525). 'The artist's principal
aim is to produce a pleaaing picture. The tragic scene is transacted in a
rich and charming landscape. The wonderfully picturesque execution and
the harmony of the lively and yet subdued tints are moat attractive.
Even the shadows produce an effect of light, and define the form clearly
and decidedly. The figures as it were float, breathe, and move in an atmos-
phere of hrilliant light' (Meyer). — *5 (352). Descent from the Croas (ca. 1525).
XXII. Room. Florentine, Sieneae, and Modenese paintinga of the
14-15th centuries. — XXIH. Room. Architectural paintings by Bern. Belotto
and others. — XXIV. Room. Landscapes by Italian masters. — XXV.
Room. Landscapes by foreign masters. — XXVI. Room. Views of build¬
ings in Parma.
The door opposite the picture-galleTy in the same story leads to
the Library (Biblioteca Palatina; open daily, except Sun. and
holidays, 9-6 in winter and 9-4 in summer).
The library contains more than 200,000 vols. and 4500 MSS.; several
of the latter are of Oriental origin, amongst them the Koran which the
Emp. Leopold I. found in 1683 in the tent of the grand-vizier Cara Mustapha
after the raiaing of the siege of Vienna; the 'livre d'heurea' (prayer-book)
of Henry H.; two 14th cent. MSS. of Dante'a 'Divine Comedy'; a MS. of
the De Proapectiva Pingendi by Petrus Pictor Burgensis (Piero della
Francesca); a letter of Luther; Byzantine and Jewish miniatures; the
original 'Fresco of Correggio's Coronation of Mary from S. Giovanni (p. 367);
buat of Duchess Marie Louise by Canova. — The (formerly) ducal Tipo¬
grafía, founded in 1766 by Bodoni, is celebrated for its admirable printing.
The Teatro Farnese, also situated here (keys kept by the custodian
of the Antiquarian Museum, fee 30 c), was erected in 1618-28 by O. B.
Alleotti, a pupil of Palladio.
The custodians of the picture-gallery keep the keys (fee 50 c.)
of the —
Convento di San Paolo (Pl. D, E, 2, 3), formerly a Benedictine
nunnery, now a school, containing admirably preserved *Frescoes
by Correggio in a room thus decorated by order of the abbess Giovanna
da Piacenza in 1518-19: over the chimney-piece Diana, on the ceiling
Cupids and emblems of the chase (the celebrated 'Putti del Cor¬
reggio'), on the frieze the Graces, Fortuna, Adonis, etc. The most
favourable light is in sunny weather, 10-4.
'This, his first work of a monumental character, shows the painter
as already posaeaaed of his full powera. The execution ia in the highest
degree painstaking and minute, his handling even in fresco ia delicate
and at the aame time broad, aoft, and warm. As in the later paintings
in the domes of the Cathedral and S. Giovanni Evangelista, the decorative
arrangement seems to transcend the limits of the building, and forcé its
way through the ceiling, forming an arbour through which the light of
heaven appears to find free ingress'. — Meyer's Correggio.
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