364 Route 51.
The Excursión to the Pietra Bismantova from Reggio take3 two
days. We proceed by diligence (in 1905 starting at 5.30 and returning at
8.30 a.m.) along the road via Puianello (see p. 363), Casino (1880 ft.), and
Felina to (317a M.; in 8 hrs.) the inconsiderable town of Castelnuovo ne' Monti
(2295 ft.; Tre Re, R. 80 c), on the N.W. flank of the abrupt rocky peak
of the Pietra Bismantova (3435 ft.), which Dante mentions in his 'Purga¬
torio' (IV. 25). The top affords an admirable view of the chain of the
Apennines. — From Castelnuovo the highroad runs viá (45V2 M.) Gollagna
(2720 ft.), in the valley of the Secchia, and thence viá the (53 M.) Passo del
Cerreto (4140 ft.) to (6472 M.) Fivizzano (1045 ft.), with an oíd town wall
and the ruins of a castle. Thence it proceeds viá the (77 M.) Foce il Cueva
(1730 ft.) and (79 M.) Fosdinovo (1640 ft.), a finely situated village with a
town wall and a castle of the Malaspina, to (84 M.) Sarzana (p. 119).
From Reggio to Guastalla, 18 M., railway in 1-174 hr. (fares 3 fr. 40,
2 fr. 40, 1 fr. 55 c). — 5 M. Bagnolo in Piano; 11 M. Novéllara, on the
Canale di Molini, a principality of the house of Gonzaga (p. 257) down to
1737. — 18 M. Guastalla, aee p. 263.
From Bagnolo, on the railway juat described, a branch-line runs to
(12 M.) Carpi (p. 264). The chief intermedíate station ig (57» M.) Correggio
(Albergo Cavour), the capital until 1630 of a principality afterwards be¬
longing to the Duchy of Modena, and the birthplace of the celebrated
painter Antonio Allegri da Correggio (1494-1534). The Piazza San Quirino
is embellished with a statue of the maater by V. Vela, erected in 1880.
Another branch-line runa to the S.E. from Reggio to Scandiano and
(1472 31.) Sassuolo (p. 376).
103 M. Rubiera. The Secchia is then crossed.
111 M. Modena, see p. 372.
The train crosses the Panaro. — 11872 M. Castelfranco d'Emilia
(135 ft.), a small town, supposed to be the Forum Gallorum where
Antony was defeated by Octavian and Hirtins, B. C. 43. Near
(123 M.) Samoggia the train crosses the river of that ñame, and
then the narrow Reno, the ancient Rhenus, or Amnis Bononiensis.
The Madonna di San Luca, on the Monte della Guardia (p. 406),
is conspicuous to the right.
134 M. Bologna, see p. 386.
The Railway Station (Pl. D, 1; Restaurant) for the Piadena-Brescia
(p. 218), Guastalla-Suzzara-Mantua (p. 263), Milan-Bologna (R. 50), and
Milan-Parma-Sarzana (Spezia, Pisa; R. 52) lines liea at the N. end of the
town, about 1/i M. from the hotels.
Hotels. Albergo Croce Bianca (Pl. a; D, 4), Strada Garibaldi, near
the Steccata, R. 3-372, omn. 1 fr.; Italia (Pl. b; E, 3), Via Cavour, with
good trattoria, R. 2-4, omn. 72 fr.; Concordia, Borgo Angelo MazzaíPl.D, 3),
near the last; León o'Oro, Borgo del León d'Oro (Pl. E, 8, 4), near the
Corso Vittorio Emanuele; Albergo Marchesi, near the rail, station, clean
Cafés. Marchesi, Piazza Grande; Cavour, Via Cavour — Post Office
(Pl. D, 3), Piazza della Prefettura.
Cab to or from the station lfr., two-horse 1 fr. 60 c; at night í'/t or
■i fr.; per hour 1 fr. 60 c Trunk 25 c. — Ómnibus from the railway-atation
to the Piazza Garibaldi and the Corso Vitt. Emanuele every 20 minutes.
Parma (170 ft.), situated on the river Parma, a small tributary
of the Po, the capital of a province (formerly a duchy), is an in¬
dustrial town of entirely modern appearance. but of very ancient