272 Route 44. i'ADUA. Cathedral.
latter is the Palazzo del Municipio (Pl. C, D, 4), of the 16th century.
— Between the two Piazzas rises the Palazzo della Ragione, briefly
called the Salone, a 'Juris Basílica' as the inscription Tecords,
erected in 1172-1219. The logge were added in 1306. The ñame
'Salone' it derives from its great Hall on the upper floor, formed
in 1420. Entrance, Via del Municipio (by the iron gate to the
left); fee i/2 fr.
The Great Hall, with vaulted wooden ceiling, is 91 yds. in length,
31 yds. in breadth, and 79 ft. in height. By the entrance-wall are two
coloaaal Egyptian statues of Neith, and the 'Petrone' or 'Pietra del Vitupero'
(¡apis vituperii et cessionis bonorum), a kind of stone pillory on which de-
faulting debtors were exposed to the jeers of the populace in tbe market-
place. The hall also contains a large wooden horse which seein3 to be
copied from the horse in Donatello's monument of Gattamelata (p. 273).
Behind the horse is the tombstone of T. Livius Halys, a freedman of the
family of the historian Livy (p. 376). The walls are adorned with 300
frescoes, painted after 1420 by Giov. Mirello and others (much retouched),
representing the influence of the constellations and the seasons on mankind.
— The logge contain Román inscriptions and other antiquities.
Adjacent, in the Piazza dell' Unita d'lTALiA (formerly P. de'
Signori; Pl. C, 4), rises the Loggia del Consiglio, a fine early-Re¬
naissance work by Ann. Bassano (1501), consisting of an open arcade
above a broad fiight of steps, and containing a statue of Victor
Emmanuel II. by Tabacchi. The interior, by Biagio Bigio, was not
completed until 1523-26. In front stands an ancient Column (erected
here in 1405) with the Lion of St. Mark (p. 245).
At the end of the piazza, where the castle erected by Ubertino
da Carrara (p. 277) in 1338-44 formerly stood, is the Pal. del
Capitanio, once the seat of the Venetian governor, which was rebuilt
by Falconetto in 1532, with a Renaissance portal and an imposing
clock-tower. Of the castle of the Carrara there only remaní the Sala
dei Giganti in the University Library (Pl. B, 4), with a portrait of
Petrarch by Altichiero (the other frescoes by Altichiero, Avanzo,
and Guariento were completely retouched in 1540), and a fragment
of a two-storied loggia in the court of the Scuola Reale Carrarese
(entr. Via dell' Accademia).
The Cathedral (Pl. B, 4), with an unfinished facade, was built
by Andr. della Valle and Ag. Righetto in 1551-77, in the late-Re-
naissance style. The Treasury (Tesoro) contains miniatures of the
12-15th centuries and handsome ecclesiastical vessels. Adjoining
the cathedral on the N. is the Baptistery, an elegant brick structure
of the 12th cent., adorned with frescoes of 1380, ascribed to Giusto
Padovano (opened by the sacristán).
In the adjacent Epíscopal Palace (Vescovado) is a hall with portraits
of the bishops, painted in fresco by Montagnana, and a chapel with
charming earlv-Renaissance decoration (1491). The adjacent library of
the Cathedral Chapter contains an interesting painting by Semitecolo of
The Casa degli Specchi, Via del Vescovado 31 (Pl. B, C, 4), is an
elegant Renaissance structure in the style of the Lombardi (p.290).