. 44. Padua.
Railway Stations. 1. Principal Station (Pl. D, 1), outside the Barriera
Mazzini, 1 M. from the Piazza Cavour, for the Verona-Venice (R. 43),
Padua-Bassano (R. 45), and Venice-Bologna (R. 54) routes. — 2. Stazione
Santa Sofía (Pl. E, 3), for the lines to Fusina and Venice (p. 278), to Piove,
and to Conselve and Bagnoli.
Hotels. Grand Hotel Savoye &' Croce d'Oro (Pl. a; D, 4), Piazza
Cavour, R. 8-41/2, omn. 3/t-i fr., with restaurant, variously spoken of;
Alb. Fanti Stella d'Oro (Pl. b; D, 3), Piazza Garibaldi, R. 272-4, omn.
1 fr., good; Alb. dello Storione (Pl. e; C, D, 4), Via Municipio, with ateani-
heating, both very fair, with frequented restaurants. — Alb. Si Trattoria
al Paradiso (Pl. c; D, 3), Piazza Garibaldi, R. I1/2-272, plain but good;
Alb. Croci Bianche (Pl. f; D, E, 5), Piazza del Santo, frequented by
pilgrims; Alb. I.euke Bianco, near the Piazza Cavour; Ale. Ristorante
allá Stazione (Pl. d; C, D, 1), near the principal station, R. 2 fr., quite
Cafés. "Pedrocchi (Pl. C.P; D, 4), near the Piazza Cavour, an im¬
posing edifice with marble halla and columna, open all night; Posta,
opposite Pedrocchi'a; Gaggian, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele Secondo; Guerrana,
at the comer of the Piazza Garibaldi. — Restaurants at the hotels; Stoppato,
at the Ponte Altinate (Pl. D, 3); La Rotonda (Pl. C, 1), open-air restaurant
with a summer-theatre, on the bastión beside the Barriera Mazzini. —
Wine at the Fiaschetteria Fratelli Penosa, Via Turchia, behind Pedrocchi's,
with cold vianda.
Cabs. 'Broughams' with one horae: to or from the station 1 fr., lug¬
gage 40 c, 1 hr. l'/2 fr., each additional hour 1 fr.; drive in the town
50 c, at night 25 c. more.
Electric Tramway (10 c, Sun. and holidays 15 c.) from the main station
through the principal streets to Bassanello (comp. Pl. C, 8). — Omnibos
(10, at night, 30 c.) from the main station to the Piazza Cavour (Pl. D, 4).
Bookseller (also photographs). Librería all' Universita, in the University
(p. 271). — Post & Telegraph Office (Pl. D, 4) near the Piazza Cavour.
Chief Attractions (I1/2 day). lst, Day. Morning: Piazza dei Frutti and
Piazza Erbe, with the Salone (p. 272); Piazza dell' Unitd d'Italia (p. 272);
Piuzzu del Santo, with the church of Sant' Antonio (p. 273); Museo Cívico
(p. 275). Afternoon: Scuola del Santo (p. 274); Cappella San Giorgio (p. 275);
Botanic Garden (p. 276); Santa Giustina (p. 276). — 2nd Day. Madonna dell'
Arena (p. 277); Eremitani (p. 277).
Padua (40 ft.), Ital. Padova, Lat. Patavium, the capital of a
province and see of a bishop, with 49,000 inhab., lies on the Bac-
chiglione, which flows through it in several branches. Its tortuous
streets are generally flanked with low and narrow 'Portici' or ar-
cades, but some of the chief thoroughfares have been widened by
the removal of the portici. The outer quarters consist largely of
gardens. Some of the numerous bridges over the different arms of
the river date from the Román period. Excel]ent drinking-water is
brought from the neighbourhood of Dueville (p. 269).
Padua, according the Virgil, traces its origin to Antenor, the mythical
King of Troy, brother of Priam, and under Augustus was the wealthiest
town in Upper Italy. All the ancient monuments were afterwards destroy¬
ed during the immigration of the barbarían hordes. In the middle ages
the town, which fell into the handa of Ezzelino da Romano in 1237-59,
sided with the Guelphs, and in 1318 it appointed Jacopo da Carrura to
the Signoria. The princes of this family were much harrassed by the
Scaligers of Verona and the republic of Venice, and at length succumbed
in 1405, when Padua was annexed to Venetia. The University, founded by
Biahop Giordano in 1222, and extended by Emp. Frederick II. in 1238