MANTUA. 42. Route. 257
trees. Near Mantua are flelds of rice. Fine Alpine view. — 7 M.
Dossobuono is the junction of the Verona and Rovigo Railway
(6272 M., in 37s-4 hra.). Stationa unimportant. — 29 M. Cérea (p. 263). —
3372 M. Legnago, a town of 2700 inhab., fortified by the Austrians after
1815 to defend the passage of the Adige, is also a station on the Mantua
and Monaelice line (p. 263). It waa the birthplace of Giov. Batt. Cavalcaselle
(1827-97), the art critic. — 6272 M. Rovigo, see p. 377.
11 M. Villafranca di Verona (175 ft.; Alb. del Solé), with a
ruined castle (12th cent.), where the preliminaries of a peace be¬
tween France and Austria were concluded on llth July, 1859, after
the battle of Solferino. About 3l/<¡ M. to the N.W. of Villafranca
and 5 M. to the S.W. of Sommacampagna (p. 218) lies Custozza,
where the Italians were defeated by the Austrians in 1848 and 1866
(charnel-house). — 23 M. Sant' Antonio Mantovano.
The train now passes the Citadel of Mantua, where Andreas
Hofer, the Tyrolese patriot, was shot by the French on 20th Feb.,
1810. The citadel and the town are eonnected by the Argine Mu-
lino (a mole 475 yds. in length), which divides the lakes formed
here by the Mincio into the Lago Superiore (W.) and the Lago di
25y2 M. Mantua. Station (Pl. A, 3) to the W. of the town.
Mantua. —• Hotels. Aquila d'OKO (Pl. a; B, 3), Corso Umberto
Primo, with frequented restaurant, R. 2-21/2, omn. i/2-3/« fr-i Senoner
(Pl. b; B, 3), Via della Posta, with restaurant, R. 2, omn.s/ifr., plainer. —
In summer the mosquitoes at Mantua are troublesome.
Cafés: Caffé alia Posta, C. alia Borsa, C. Veneziano, all in the Corso
Photographs at Premi's, opposite the Aquila d'Oro.
Post & Telegraph Office (Pl. B, 3), Via della Posta.
Cab per drive 75 c. (at night 1 fr.), first hr. 1 fr. 50 c, each following
72 hr. 50 c.
Chief Sights (7í-1 day): Sant' Andrea; Cathedral; Reggia; Museo
Cívico; Palazzo del Te. The hnrried traveller should engage a cab at the
station for 1 hr., drive to the (12 min.) Palazzo del Té, which may be
seen in '/2 hr., and then to the Piazza Erbe or Piazza Sordello.
Mantua (65 ft.), Ital. Mantova, a very ancient town founded by the
Etruscans, with 31,100 inhab. (3000 Jews), is a provincial capital.
Its situation, bounded on the N.W. by the Lago Superiore, on the
N.E. by the Lago di Mezzo, on the E. by the Lago Inferiore, and on
the S. and S.W. by rnarshy land, is unhealthy. Since the Austrian
régime Mantua has belonged to the Quadrilateral (p. 244), but it
is probably about to be dismantled.
Mantua is mentioned as the home of Virgil, who was born at the
ancient Andes (3 M. to the SE., near the village of Pietole), but it was not
a place of importance till the middle ages. In 1276 the citizens elected
Pinamonte Bonacolsi, and in 1328 Luigi Gonzaga, as 'Capitano del Popólo',
and to the dynasty of the latter the town owed ita proaperity. The
Gonzagaa fought auccesafully against Milán and Venice, and extended their
terrilory, while they were liberal patrons of art and science. Giovanni
Francesco II. (1407-44), the first marquis, invited the learned Viltorino
da Peltre to Mantua, and through him made his court a renowned centre
Baedekjír. Italy I. 13th Edit. 17