230 Route 40. DESENZANO. Lago di Garda.
Steam Tramway from Brescia viá (18 M.) Tormini, (24 M.) Salb (p. 231),
(2672 M.) Gardone-Riviera (p. 232), and (29 M.) Maderno (p. 234) to (3072 M.)
Toscolano (p. 234), four trains daily in ca. 37< hrs. (lat clasa fare 2 fr. 60 c.);
comp. p. 228. Numerous wayside stations are stopped at, and punctuality
is by no means aasured.
Highroad from Malcesine viá (18 M.) Garda and (29 M.) Peschiera to
(36 M.) Sirmione, or to (3772 M.) Desenzano; from Desenzano viá (1272 M.)
Salb to (2272 M.) Gargnano. These routes are recommended to cyclists.
The *Lago di Garda (210 ft.), the Lacus Benacus of the Ro¬
mans, the largest of the N. Italian lakes, is 34 M. in length, and
3-11 M. broad; área 189 sq. M., greatest depth 1135 ft. The chief
feeder is the Sarca, and it discharges itself to the S. by the Mincio.
The narrow N. portion of the lake, not unlike a Norwegian fjord,
occupies an ancient valley between lofty mountains. The banks of the
S. portion, which is very shallow, especially between Garda, Pes¬
chiera, and Sirmione, gradually slope down to the extensive moraine-
circuses left by the ancient Garda glacier (comp. p. 218). — The
E. bank is separated from the valley of the Adige by the Monte
Baldo (p. 238), a range about 25 M. in length, terminating to the
S.W. in the cape of San Vigilio (p. 235). The precipitous cliffs of
the W. bank are formed by spurs of the Giudicarian Alps. The
most sheltered parts of the lake are the lovely coast-strip known as
the Riviera, especially between Fasano and Salo, and the calm bay
of Garda. The lake belongs to Italy, except the N. extremity with
Riva, which is Austrian. It is seldom perfectly calm, and in flne
weather is often considerably agitated about midday by a local wind
from the S. (Ora; cold in winter). In a storm from the N. the lake
is sometimes almost as rough as the sea, as recorded by Virgil
(Georg. ii. 160: 'flnctibus et fremitn adsurgens Benace marino').
The water is generally of an azure bine.
The Vegetation is very luxuriant, especially on the more sheltered
stretches of the coast. Even the senaitive lemon (limone) arrives at maturity
on the Riviera and near Limone, but in winter the trees require to be
carefully enclosed by wooden shelters (terre). This is done with the aid
of numerous white brick pillars, which gleam picturesquely amid the aoft
green foliage. In consequence of the disease known as 'gumming' the
annual yield of lemons has fallen from 16-18 millions (1862) to barely
3 millions. Citrons (citrus medica) also are extensively cultivated on the
Riviera. Caper-shrubs (capparis spinosu) floorish in the chinks of oíd walls,
and on the hill-slopes grow aloes (agave Americana) and, less abundantly,
Indian liga (cactus opuntia). The tall laurel trees (laurus nobilis), whiih
shade most of the roads, are characteriatic of the Riviera. Groves of olives,
as in the Sarca valley, stretch up the hill-slopes to a height of 985 ft.;
but the trees suffer a good deal from 'scale' (fungus), which renders it
necessary to hollow out the trunks artificially.
The trota, or trout, which attains 25 lbs., the carpione, or salmon-trout,
the anguilla, or eel, and the luccio, or pike, are excellent fish. The sardine-
fishing is interesting to see.
Desenzano sul Lago (P). — Rail. Restaurant. — Hotels. »Hót.-
Pension Splendide, R. 2-3, B. 1, déj. 3, D. 372, pens. from 7 fr.; H6t.
Royal Mayer, R. 2-5, B. I1/4, déj. 3-3V2, D. 4, omn. 1/2-»/, fr., with a small
garden, very fair; Due Colombe, with small garden and terrace on the lake,
R. 2-3fr.; Alb. Trento; Hót. Lido, at the pier, with bathing-establishment.
— Birreria Graziolli. — Ómnibus or One-horse Cab from the pier to the