202 Route 32. PAVÍA. From Milán
the high-altar, contains the *Holy Family as an altar-piece, by
Gaudenzio Ferrari (1511); it is surrounded by flve smaller pictures,
the upper representing God the Father, at the sides eight saints
and the donatrix. The adjacent Gothic church ofSanti Martiri con¬
tains a high-altar-piece by Ambr. Borgognone.
On a height overlooking the entire district, i/2 hr. to the N. of
the station and pier, is a colossal Statue of San Carlo, 70 ft. in
height, resting on a pedestal 42 ft. high, erected in 1697 in honour
of the celebrated Count Carlo Borromeo, Cardinal - Archbishop of
Milán (hora here in 1538, died 1584, canonised 1610). The head,
hands, and feet of the statue are of bronze, the robe of wrought
copper. The enterprising visitor may enter the interior (50 c.) and
climb to the head of the statue, but the ascent is far from pleasant.
The adjacent church contains a few relies of S. Carlo. The ex¬
tensive building in the vicinity is an Ecclesiastical Seminary.
Simplón Railway from Arona to Milán and to Domodossola (Brigue),
see R. 2; viá Borgomanero and Santhiá to Turin, see R. 15; viá Novara
and Alessandria to Genoa, see R. 30.
32. From Milán to Genoa viá Pavia and Voghera.
94 M. Railwat in 3-77z hrs. (fares 17 fr. 55, 12 fr. 30, 7 fr. 90 c;
express 19 fr. 30, 13 fr. 50 c); to Pavia, T¿Sj-í M., in 1/2-I hr. (fares 4 fr. 20,
2 fr. 95, 1 fr. 90c; express 4 fr. 60, 3 fr. 25, 2 fr. 10c). — In winter
the 'train de luxe' from Vienna to Cannes traverses this route (from Milán
to Genoa, 3 hrs.; fare 23 fr. 75 c).
From Milán to (17»/2 M-) Certosa, see p. 161.
221/2 M. Pavia. — Railway Stations. i. Stazione Céntrale (Pl. A, 2),
the main station, 4 min. beyond the Porta Cavour. 2. Stazione Porta Gari¬
baldi (Pl. D, 3), for the line to Cremona (and Mantua).
Hotels. Croce Bianca (Pl. a; B, 3), Corso Vittorio Emanuele, R. 2-4,
omn. 1/2 fr., well spoken of; Tre Re (Pl. b; B, 3), same street. — Caffé
Bortolo, Caffé Demetrio, both in the Corso Vittorio Emanuele. — Trattoria
del Siró, Via Antonio Bordoni 5.
Post & Telegraph Office in, the Mercato Coperto (Pl. B, 3).
Cab per drive 80c, at night 1 fr. 20, per hour 1 fr. 50 c. — Ómnibus
from the Stazione Céntrale to the Via Mazzini (Pl. C, 3), 10 c. — Steam
Tramwat to Milán (comp. p. 161), starting from the Piazza Petrarca (Pl. B, 2).
Chief Sights (1/2 day): San Michele; Covered Bridge; Univeraity;
Castello; San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro; Santa Maria di Canepanova.
Pavia (250 ft.), with 29,500 inhab., capital of the province of
the same ñame, the see of a bishop, and the seat of a nniversity,
is situated near the confluence of the Ticino and the Po and is cou-
nected with Milán by the Naviglio di Pavia (p. 132). Of the nu¬
merous towers, which won for it the title of 'Citta delle Cento Torri',
and of the churches, which are said to have numbered 165 in the
14th cent., only a few now remain; but parts of the ancient ram-
parts and bulwarks still attest the ancient importance of the town.
Pavia, the Ticinum of the ancients and the capital of the Lombards
from 572 to 774, was not known aa Papia until the 7th century. Beren-
garius I., Margrave of Friuli (883) and two of his auccessors were crowned
as Kings of Italy in the church of San Michele here, and Frederick Bar¬
barossa (1155) and other Germán rulers received the Lombard crown at