190 Route 30. MORTARA.
We follow the right bank of the Ticino. 51 M. Porto-Varal-
pombia; then a long tunnel. 53 M. Pombia. — 56i/o M. Oleggio
At Oleggio our line is joined by the new branch-line of the Simplón
Railway. F'rom Arona to Novara, 23 M., in 3/i-llfz hr. (fares 4 fr. 30,
3 fr. 15, 1 fr. 95 c.; express 4 fr. 75, 3 fr. 35, 2 fr. 15 c.); to Genoa,
112 M., in 51/2 hrs. The line first runs to the S. point of Lago Maggiore;
to the left, in the distance, the Monte Campo de' Fiori and the Madonna
del Monte (p. 186). Stations: 51/2 M. Borgo Ticino; 12i/2 M. Oleggio.
A glimpse of Mte. Rosa is obtained to the right. Fiat country.
67 M. Novara (p. 66), junction for Milán and Turin (R. 16).
Beyond(77i/2M.)Borgo-Lavezzaro wetraverse rice-flelds (comp.
82 M. Mortara, a town with 7300 inhabitants. The church of
San Lorenzo contains pictures by Lanini and Gaud. Ferrari (Ma¬
donna with SS. Rochus and Sebastian).
At Mortara the direct line to Milán diverges. From Milán to Mortara,
32'/2 M., in I1/4-21/4 hrs. (fares 6 fr. 5, 4 fr. 25, 2 fr. 75 c.; express 6 fr. 65,
4 fr. 65, 3 fr. 5 c). We start from the Central Station, and pass Porta
Ticinese (Pl. B, 8) and Abbiategrasso (with a church ascribed to Bramante;
1497). We cross the Ticino to (24 M.) Vigevano (Alb. Reale), a town of
some importance in the silk-trade, with 18,000 inhab. and a spacious market-
place (Piazza Ducale or del Duomo), dating from the reign of Lodovico il
Moro (p. 127), the arcades of which still exhibit traces of early-Renais¬
sance decorations (perhaps by Bramante). The Gothic Castello has an
elegant Renaissance loggia by Bramante, who probably designed also the
upper portion of the main tower, a copy of Filarete's tower at Milán
(p. 147). Steam-tramway from Vigevano to Novara (p. 68). — Then (3272 M.)
Mortara, see above. — From Mortara to Asti, see p. 52.
Mortara is also the junction for the Vercelli-P avia line: 417¿ M., in
3-31/2 hrs. (fares 7 fr. 80, 5 fr. 45, 3 fr. 50 c). Stations unimportant. Ver¬
celli, aee p. 66; Pavia, aee p. 202.
9272 M. Sartirana; 9672 M- Torre-Beretti, the junction of the
Pavia and Alessandria line (p. 205).
To the left the long chain of the Apennines forms a blue line
in the distance. The train crosses the Po. — 100 M. Valenza, once
a fortified town, with 10,000 inhab., has a cathedral of the 16th cent.
(line from Vercelli to Alessandria, see p. 66). — Tunnel l1/3 M.
in length. 103i/2 M. Valmadonna; several prettily situated little
towns lie on the chain of hills to the right. The Tanaro is then
IO81/2 M. Alessandria, and thence to (156 M.) Genoa, see R. lie.
31. Lago Maggiore.
Plan for a circular tour round the three lakes, see p. 173. The flnest
part of the Lago Maggiore is the W. bay, with the Borromean Islands,
which are best visited from Pallanza, Stresa, or Baveno by small boat,
though the hurried traveller may accomplish the excursión by steamer.
Railways (stations are denoted by a capital R in the following descrip-
tion). — From Bellinzona to Locarno, I372 M., in 72-3/4 hr. (fares 2 fr. 30,
1 fr. 60, 1 fr. 15 c). Through-tickets including the steamboat on Lago Mag¬
giore are issued for Pallauza (5fr. 90, 5 fr. 20, 3 fr. 15 c.) and other points.