OSTENO. 27. Route. 183
separated by the Monte San Salvatore, while the N. ends of the
valleys, as well as the valley to the N.E., between Castagnola and
Porlezza, have been fllled up by the rivers Agno and Cassarate.
Its wooded and oft-times precipitous banks are less varied and
more sombre than those of Lakes Como and Maggiore, but its central
part, the *Bay of Lugano, vies in scenic charm and luxuriance of
vegetation with its more celebrated neighbours.
The Steamer proceeds viá Cima, at the foot of the steep hills on
the N. bank, and crosses the lake diagonally.
Osteno (Hotel du Bateau, expensive; Ristorante della Grotta),
on the wooded S. bank of the lake, was the birthplace of the Sculptor
Andrea Bregno (d. 1506, in Rome), who is represented by two ciboria
in the church. It is frequently visited from Lugano on account of
its grotto (return-fare 2 fr. 35 c.; ticket for the grotto, including the
ferry, obtained on board the steamer, 75 c.).
The Grotto of Osteno, Ital. Orrido or Pescara ('fishermen's gorge')
di Osteno, ia 7 min. from the landing-place. The ferryman guides visitors
through the village and down to the right before the stone bridge, to a small
foot-bridge over the brook. The mouth of the gorge, in which there is a
small waterfall, is near a projecting rock (restaurant). Visitors embark in
a small boat and enter the grotto, the bottom of which is occupied by the
brook. The narrow ravine through which we thread our way is curiously
hollowed out by the water. Far above, the roof is formed by overhanging
bushes, between which glimpses of blue sky are obtained. The gorge is
terminated by a waterfall. — Time permitting, the Grottoes of Rescia may
also be visited (1 hr. there and back; boat with rower 5-6 fr.). Near them
are tufa-quarries and the picturesque waterfall of Santa Giulia.
A road (2i/t hrs.; cahle-railway from Santa Margherita projected)
leads from Osteno to the "Grand Hotel Belvedere (3015 ft.; R. 31/2-5, B. li/2,
déj. 31/2, D. 5, pens. 9-12 fr.; closed Oct.-April), high above the lake, with
a large park and a fine view of the Lake of Lugano and the Alps with
Mte. Rosa, a pleasant spot for a stay (Engl. Church Service in summer).
The main branch of tbis road runs to (6 M.) the village of Lanzo d'Intelvi
(2975 ft. -^ Pens. Lanzo d'Intelvi; Caffé Céntrale, déj. 2 fr.), li/4 M. to the S.W.
of the Hotel Belvedere. Lanzo may be reached also from Maroggia (p. 15)
in 3 hra. on foot or by carr., or from Argegno (p. 175; diligence) in 41/2 hrs.
Near Lanzo (20 min.) are the baths of Paraviso. Bridle-path to Mte.
Generoso (p. 16), 41/2 hrs.
The steamer now steers obliquely across the lake to San Mamette
(Pens. Amsler- Garlen, 4i/2-5V2 fr-, very fair; Stella d'Italia), beauti¬
fully situated at the mouth of the picturesque Val Sóida, with
Castello high above it (p. 14). Beyond Oria, the station for Albogasio,
begins the Swiss part of the lake. The slopes of the Mte. di Caprino
(p. 13), to the S., are also in Switzerland. On the N. bank the
steamer touches at Gandria (Restaurant Ristoriámoci; Osteria Ceresio;
walk to Lugano, see p. 13), with its arcades and its vine-terraces
on the steep slopes at the foot of Mte. Bre (p. 14). It then tums
into the pretty bay of Lugano, on the S. side of which the Mte. San
Salvatore rises conspicuously.
Lugano (four piers), see p. 9. The station of the St. Gotthard
Railway lies high above the town, 1 M. from the lake (cable railway
1/i M. from the Lugano-Céntrale pier).