26. Lake of Como.
Plan of Excursión. The Lakes of Como and Lugano (p. 182) and the
Lago Maggiore (R. 31) may be visited from Milán most expeditiously as
follows: by the St. Gotthard line or the Saronno - Como railway in 1-
l3/4 hr. to Como (Cathedral); proceed by steamboat in the afternoon in
172-274 hrs. to Cadenabbia or Bellagio, the latter the most beautiful point,
on the Lake of Como, and spend the night there. In the evening and
next morning visit Villa Carlotta and Villa Serbelloni; by steamboat in
V4 hr., or by rowing-boat, to Menaggio; thence by railway in 1 hr. to
Porlezza, in time for the steamboat which starts for Lugano (p. 183), arriving
early enough to leave time for the ascent of Monte San Salvatore. From
Lugano by steamboat in l3/4-2 hrs. to Ponte Tresa and thence by steam-
tramway in 3/4 hr. to Luino; steamboat from Luino in 2l/-¡-3'/i hrs. to the
Borromean Islands (Isola Bella). From the islands we may proceed in
174-172 nr- to Arona and return by railway to Miian (I72 hr.; R. 2), or
we may return bv steamer to (1-174 hr.) Laveno and go on thence by
the N. railway via, Várese to (13/4-23/4 hrs ) Milán (R. 29). — The Circular
Tour Tickets (see p. xvii) issued for this excursión are economical and
convenient. Tour No. 8 of the state railways (lst class 28 fr., 2ud el.
24 fr. 35 c.) and No. 1 of the Ferrovie Nord (20 fr. 50, 16 fr. 15 c), both
available for 15 days, follow substantially tbe above indicated routes. —
Through Tickets viá Como or viá Lecco to the principal steamboat stations
are issued at the Central Station and the Agenzia Internazionale (p. 128)
at Milán. — The Retoen Tickets issued by both railway-systems for
Bellagio, Cadenabbia, and Menaggio (state-railways, 10 fr. 70 8 fr. 70 c ;
Ferr. Nord, 9 fr. 55, 7 fr. 85, 4 fr. 75 c) and those issued by the Ferr. Nord
for Cólico (12 fr. 50, 10 fr. 70, 6 fr. 40 c) are valid for eight days and
allow the ateamboat journey to be broken at three points.
Steamboat (comp. p. xviii) four times daily from Como to Cólico in
474-472 hrs. (fares 4 fr. 15, 2 fr. 60 c); six times daily from Como to Bel¬
lagio ; four times daily from Cadenabbia to Lecco in 174-l3/4 hr. Some of
the boats are handsome saloon-steamera, with good restaurants on board
(déj. or S. 3, D. 472 fr.). — In the following deacription the stations at which
there ia a pier are indicated by 'P', the small-boat atations by 'B', and the
railway-stations (comp. p. 171) by 'R'.
Rowing Boats (barca, pl. bar che). First hour I72 fr., each additional
hour 1 fr. for each rower. From Bellagio to Cadenabbia and back (or vice
versa), each rower 272 fr.; Bellagio to Tremezzo, Bellagio to Menaggio, and
Bellagio to Varenna also 272 fr. each rower; Bellagio to Villa Melzi, Villa
Carlotta, and back, each rower 3 fr. — One rower suffices, unless the
traveller is pressed for time ; a second may be dismissed with the words
'basta uno !' The traveller should insist upon seeing the tariff before em¬
barking. When travellers are not numerous, the boatmen readily reduce
their demands. In bargaining the following phrases will be found useful:
Quanto volete per una corso di un'ora (di due ore) ? Siamo due (tre, quattro)
persone. E troppo, vi duró una lira (due lire, etc.). In addition to the
fare, it is usual to give a 'manda' or 'buonamano' oí ili fr. or 1 fr. accord-
ing to the length of the excursión.
The *Lake of Como (650 ft.), Italian Lago di Como or II Lario,
the Lacus Larius of the Romans, is extolled by Virgil(Georg. ii. 159),
and is in the estimation of many the most beautiful lake in N. Italy.
Numerous villages and the gay villas of the Milanese aristocracy,
surrounded by luxuriant gardens and vineyards, are scattered along
its banks. In the forests above, the brilliant green of the chestnut
and walnut contrasts strongly with the greyish tints of the olive.
The mountains rise to a height of 7875 ft. The lake, from Como
to the N. extremity, is 30 M. long; its greatest width, between