70 Route 17. ORTA. From Domodossola
out into the lake. The ascent of the Sacro Monte may be made
either from a point halfway between the town and the station (see
p. 69) or from the Piazza, through the grounds of the Villa of
Márchese Natta (50 c). In the 16th cent. 20 chapéis were erected
here in honour of St. Francis of Assisi, each containing a scene from
his history in painted lifesize figures of terracotta, with a back-
ground 'al fresco'. The best groups are in the 13th, 16th, and
20th chapéis; in the last is represented the canonisation of the
saint (fee for adm. to each chapel, 20-30 c). Various points on the
hill command charming snrveys of the lake, while the panorama from
the Campanile at the top (50 c.) includes the snowy Monte Rosa,
rising above the lower hills to the W.
A boat to the Isola San Giulio and back costs H/í fr. The ancient church
here was founded, according to the legend, by St. Julius, who carne from
Greece in 379 to convert the natives, and has been frequently restored.
It contains reliefs, oíd frescoes, and a Romanesque pulpit. In the sacristy
are a Madonna by Gaudenzio Ferrari and some oíd vestments, while the
crypt, below the high-altar, contains a shrine of silver and crystal, with
the body of St. Julius.
Picturesque Excursions may be made from Orta to the (1 hr.) Madonna
della Bocciola (1565 ft.), situated on the hill above the station, to the
W., and to the (H/4 hr.) Castello di Buccione (see below; boat to Buccione
I72 fr.), to the S., both points commanding good views. By Pella (see below)
to (i/íhr.) Alzo, with extensive granite-quarries (branch-railway from Goz-
zano, see below), and to (lhr.) the Madonna del Sasso (2090ft.), the pretty
church of the hamlet of Boletto, on a lofty cliff, commanding a fine view.
— The Monte Mottarone may be ascended from Orta in 4-5 hra. viá Car-
cegna, Armeno (carr. practicable to this point; beyond it ox-carts), and
Cheggino (see p. 201; arrows on the houses, 'al Mottarone' or 'al Mergozzolo');
guide 6, donkey 10 fr.; over the Mottarone to Baveno or Stresa, 10 and 15 fr.
Beautiful views of the lake as we proceed. In the centre lies the
island of San Giulio (p. 70), and on the steep cliffs of the W. bank is
the church of Madonna del Sasso (see above). Beyond (3072 M.) Cor-
conio the train traverses a cutting on the W. side of the Castello di
Buccione, a conspicuous oíd watch-tower at the S. end of the lake.
— 3372 M. Gozzano, a considerable village (branch-line to Alzo,
see above). We now traverso the fertile Val d'Agogna. 3672 M.
Borgomanero (p. 65), junction for the line from Turin to Arona. —
46i/2 M. Momo (1205 ft.).
56 M. Novara, see p. 66. From Novara to Milán, railway in
I-I72 hr., see p. 68; to Laveno in li/4-2 hrs., see pp. 190, 189.
Feom Oeta ovee the Colma to Vaeallo, 472 hrs. (donkey 6,
to the Colma 3 fr.; guide, 5 fr., unnecessary). On the W. bank of
the lake, opposite Orta, the white houses of Pella (1000 ft. ; Pesce
d'Oro, unpretending) peep from amidst chestnuts and walnuts
(reached by boat from Orta in 20 min.; fare 1 fr.). We now follow
the road leading along the slopes above the W. bank, and then a
footpath leading to the left to (1 hr.) Aróla (2015ft.). At Aróla we
obtain a llnf retrospect of thejake of Orta. We turn to the left 5 min.