60 Route 12. COURMAYEUR.
Bernard diverges to the left (see below). Near the warm salt springs,
74 M. lower, the Thuile has forced its way to the Dora valley through
Excursions. The ascent of the 'Tete de Crammont (8980 ft.), 4 hrs. to
the W. of Pré-St-Didier is highly interesting (riding practicable to within
1/2 hr. of the top). Following the Little St. Bernard road to a point abont
6 min. above the first tunnel (shorter footpath in 20 min.), we thence ascend
in zigzags to the right to the (2 hrs.) hamlet of Chantan (5970 ft.), whence
we reach the summit in I1/2 hr. more. Splendid view of Mont Blanc and
the Graian Alps. Abont 5 min. below the top is the Capanna De Saussure, a
refuge-hut of the Italian Alpine Club. Another and easier route diverges
to the right from the St. Bernard road at Elevaz, 3 M. from Pré-St-Didier,
joining the above route at Chanton. Experts may dispense with a guide.
From Pré-St-Didier viá Bulme and (6 M.) La Thuile (4726 ft.; Alb.
Nazionale, Alb. della Goletta, both primitive; guide, Maurizio Bognier),
the best starting-point for the ascent of the Rutor (comp. p. 64), to the pass
of the Little St. Bernard (7175 ft.) and Bourg - SI - Maurice, see Baedeker's
Beyond Pré-St-Didier the road ascends the left bank to (3/i M.)
Palesieux, and winds through a wooded ravine to (272 M.) —
21 M. Courmayeur. — 'Grand Hotel Royal-Bertolini, with garden,
R. from 3, B. I1/2, déj. 31/2, D. 5, pens. from 11 fr. (open in summer only);
Grand Hotel de l'Ange, similar charges; 'Union, R. 3-4, B. 11/2, déj. 3,
D. 472, pens. 872-11 fr., incl. wine; 'Mont Blanc, 1/2 M- t0 tn« N. of the
village, R. 21/2-4, déj. 3, D. 4, pens. 10i/2Ír., incl. wine; Hót.-Restaurant
Savoye, R. 2-2l/2, B. 1, déj. 3, D. 31/2, pens. from 7 fr., incl. wine. — Café
du Mont-Blanc. — Diligence to Aosta, see p. 54; carr. with one horse 15,
with two 25 fr. — English Church Service in the season at the Grand Hotel
Courmayeur (4030 ft.), a considerable village beautifully situated
at the head of the Aosta valley, is much frequented by Italians as a
summer-resort and for its chalybeate springs. The highest peak
of Mont Blanc is concealed from Courmayeur by the Mont Chetif
(7685 ft.), but is seen from the Pré-St-Didier road, 72 M- t0 the s-
— About 17é M. to the N. are the small sulphur baths of La Saxe.
The -Mont de la Saxe (7735 ft.; 3 hrs.; guide, 6 fr., unnecessary)
affords a complete view of the E. side of Mont Blanc with its glaciers,
from the Col de la Seigne to the Col de Ferret, the Dent du Géant and
the Jorasses being prominent. A good bridle-path ascends from Cour¬
mayeur, by Villair, to the (2 hrs.) Chalets du Pré (6480 ft.) and the (lhr.)
snmmit. The descent may be made by the Chalets du Leuchi (6306 ft.) into
the Val Ferret. — Excursions in the Mont Blanc chain, to Chamonix, etc.,
see Baedeker's Switzerland or Southern Frunce.
13. From Aosta to the Graian Alps.
The Graian Alps, an extensive mountain-system cnlminating in the
Gran Paradiso (13,324 ft.) and the Grivola (13,022 ft.), lie between the
valleys of the Dora Baltea and the Isére on the N., and those of the
Dora Riparia and the Are on the S. We here describe a few of the most
interesting routes through the E. part of this grand mountain-region,
in the form of a circular tour of four days from Aosta, taking in Cogne,
Valsavaranche, Rhémes Notre-Dame, and Valgrisanche. Cogne is the best
centre for excursions.
The mountains of Cogne are a favourite chasse of the Kings of Italy,
and the mountain goat ('steinbock', Ital. 'stambecco', Fr. 'bouquetin'),
elsewhere nearly extinct, is still found here. Several excellent bridle-paths,
leading to the royal sliooting-lodgcs, are a great assistance to tbe pedestrian.