56 Route 12. CHÁTILLON. From Turin
the valley of the Dora with detritus. Farther on lofty walls of rook
rise to the left. — Near (60 M.) Montjovet appear on the right,
high above us, the extensivo ruins of the cháteau of Montjovet or
St. Germain. The train crosses the Dora by means of a long viaduct
and enters the picturesque *Defile of Montjovet, the grandest part
of the line, with a succession of tunnels and bnttresses of masonry,
and the brawling Dora far below.
6372 M. St. Vincent (1415 ft.), at the end of the deflle. To the
right, 1 M. above the station, lies the village (1886 ft.; Hót. du Lion
d'Or, very fair; Scudo di Francia; Corona; hotels generally closed
in winter); 3/4M. higher up (cable railway) there is a mineral
spring (Grand Hotel).
'Mont Zerbion (8925 ft.), which may be ascended either from St. Vincent
or Chátillon, viá the chalets of Francou (6655 ft.), in 5-6 hrs., commands a
magnificent view of the Alpiue chain from Monte Rosa to Mont Blanc and
of the Gran Paradiso group.
Loftily perched on the left is the oíd castle of Ussel (ca. 1360),
belonging to the Counts of Challant.
6472 M. Chátillon (1807 ft.; Hót. des Alpes, at the station; *Hót.
de Londres, R. 372, pens. 7-1Ó fr., *Hót. Pens. Suisse, both in the
town, beside the bridge; Hót. du Nord; Caffe-Ristorante Alpino,
beyond the bridge), with 3100 inhab., is finely situated 1 M. above
the station, at the entrance to the Val Tournanche. Its houses are
picturesquely scattered over the gorge of the Matmoire or Marmore,
a torrent descending from the Matterhorn ; and in the middle of the
town is a bridge spanning the ravine in one fine arch.
In the picturesque and finely wooded Val Tournanche (diligence to
Valtournanche in summer daily in 33/4 hrs.-, one-horse carriage 15, two-
horae 25 fr.) a good road ascends viá (41/2 M.) Grands-Moulins (3280 ft.), where
the imposing Matterhorn suddenly appears, and (6 M.) Fiernaz (3445 ft.;
Hotel Bellevue) to (II1/2 M.) Valtournanche (5000 ft.; ''Hotel du Moni-Rose,
R. 21/2, pens. 7-10 fr.; Hót. Meynet, R. 272-372, pens. 6-9 fr.), the principal
place of the valley. Bridle-path henee (mulé to Giomein 8 fr.) past tbe
interesting Gouffre de Busseruille (Hotel des Alpes) to (2l¡2 hrs.) the chalets
of Breuil («710 ft.; Hotel des Jumeaux, R. 3, D. 31/2, pens. 7-10 fr.; Hót. du
Breuil, R. 2i/2, D. 3-372 fr.), 10 min. above which is the "Hotel du Mont-
Cervin at Giomein (6880 ft.; R. 4, D. 5, pens. 10-12 fr.). Mountain-ascents,
and passage over the Théodule Pass (10,900 ft.) to (7-71/2 hrs.) Zermatl, see
The line crosses the Matmoire, traverses a deep cutting through a
deposit of débris, threads two tunnels, and reaches (6772M.) Cham-
bave (1555 ft.), noted for its wine. To the W. opens the view of the
beautiful valley of Aosta, rich in fruit and surrounded by lofty
mountains, with the three-peaked Rutor (p. 64) in the background.
The line traverses a mass of débris at Diemoz (viaduct 107 yds.
long). To the left lies the picturesque cháteau oí *Fénis (with oíd
mural paintings), at the mouth of the Val de Clavalilé, through which
peeps the snowy peak of the Tersiva (p. 61). — 72 M. Ñus (1755 ft.;
Croce d'Oro), with a ruined castle, at the mouth of the Val St. Bar-
théUmy. — On the slope above (7372 M.) St. Marcel, which lies at
the mouth of the valley of the same ñame (p. 62), is the much-