50 Route II. BRA. From Turin
18 M. Carmagnola (785 ft.), with 3200 inhab., was the birth-
place (1390) of the famous condottiere Francesco Bussone, son of
a swineherd, usually called Count of Carmagnola, who reconquered
a great part of Lombardy for Duke Filippo Maria Visconti, and be¬
came Generalissimo of the Republic of Venice in 1426. At length
his fldelity was snspected by the Council of Ten, and he was
beheaded on 5thMay, 1432. Bussone'sfate isthe subjectof atragedy
by Manzoni. — The 'Carmagnole', the celebrated republican dance
and song of the French Revolution, was named after this town, the
home of many of the street-musicians of Paris. — Steam-tramway
to Carignano (p. 42) and Turin. — To Cuneo (Ventimiglia), see
31 M. Brá (910 ft.; 11,300 inhab.), with a busy trade in wine,
cattle, truffles, and silk, is situated on the S. spurs of the Colli
Torinesi (p. 29), which here approach the Apennines. Branch to
Cavallermaggiore, see p. 45.
From Bra to Alessandria, 53 M., railway in 3V2-3s/4 hrs. (fares 9 fr.
90, 6 fr. 95, 4 fr. 45 c). — 4>/2 M. Santa Viitoria; pleasant excursión thence
to the royal cháteau of Pollenzo, with the remains of the Román town of
Pollentia. — 11 M. Alba (565 ft.; Alb. del Cannon d'Oro; Buoi Rossi, etc.),
with 8300 inhab.; tbe cathedral of San Lorenzo dates from the 15th cent¬
ury. Wine-growing ('Barbaresco' and "Barolo", p. xxiii) and the rearing of
sílk-worms fiourish in the environs. — 19'/2 M. Castagnole Lanze; branch-
line to Asti (p. 51). We next traverse a fertile wine-country. — 25'/2 M. Santo
Siefano Belbo, on the Belbo, the valley of which the train traverses for
some distance. — 34 M. Nizza Monferrato, also on the Asti-Ovada-Genoa
line (p. 52). — 48 M. Cantalupo and thence to (53 M.) Alessandria, see p. 53.
36 M. Cherasco, at the confluence of the Tanaro (p. 51) and the
Stura, is not seen from the line, which ascends the former.
53 M. Bastía, the junction of the line to Cuneo (R. 10).
6272 M. Ceva (1270 ft.), on the Tanaro, with an oíd castle.
From Ceva to Ormea, 22'/2 M., railway in l3/4-2'/2 hrs. (fares 4 fr. 20,
2 fr. 95, 1 fr. 90 c). — The train ascends the valley of the Tanaro, intersect-
ing the ridges of the Brianconnais zone (p. 45). — Beyond (ll'/s M.) Priola
a picturesque ruined castle appears on the left. — 15'/2 M. Garessio (1950 ft.;
León d'Oro; Rosa Rossa), with a ruined castle and marble quarries, is
connected with (21'/2 M.) Albenga (p. 97) by a road crossing the pass of San
Bernardo (3165 ft.). — 22i/2 M. Ormea (2398 ft.; "Grand-Hótel, with hydropathic,
pens. from 7 fr.; Albergo Nazionale), an ancient and picturesque little town,
with a ruined castle and marble quarries, is frequented as a summer-
resort. Pleasant excursions may be made to the (l'/í hr.) stalactite cayern
of Nava, and through the rocky gorges of the Negrone to (4 hrs.) Viozene (inn;
guides). From Viozene we may ascend the Mongioie (8630 ft.; 3 hrs.), the
Pizzo d'Ormex (8125 ft.; 4>/2 hrs.), and the Armella (5705 ft.; 3 brs.), on the
right bank of the Tanaro; or visit the meadows on the Monte Antoroto
(7035 ft ; rich Alpine flora) and proceed viá the (Sy* hrs.) Colle di Termini
(6560 ft.) to the (2i/2 hrs.) Grotta di Bosséa (p. i% On all these excursions
we enjoy fine views of the Ligurian Alps and the sea, and of the valley
of the Po with the Alps in the distance. — From Ormea a picturesque road
leads across the fortilied Colle di Nava (3074 ft.) and past the prettily situated
village of Pieve di Teco, in the Arroscia valley, to (31 M.) Oneglia (p. ^9).
The train passes under the castle of Ceva by a tunnel and begins
to cross the Ligurian Alps, the most imposing part of the line.
Between this point and Savona are numerous viaduets and 28 tunnels.