48 Route 9. S. DALMAZZO DI TENDA.
Excursions (guide, Maurizio Sassi) may be made from Tenda through
the ürno Wood to (4 hrs.) the top of the Monte Ciagore (7525 ft.), which
commands a view extending to the sea; to the N.E., through the pic¬
turesque valley of the Rio Freddo and over the (4 hrs.) Colle dei Signori
(refuge-hut), to the top of the (6 hrs.) Cima Margareis (8690 ft.), the highest
summit of the Ligurian Alps ('View).
We now descénd through a narrow rocky valley, past large
quarries of pietra verde, to —
572 M. San Dalmazzo di Tenda (2250 ft.; Grand Hotel, pens.
from 8 fr.; Italian custom-house), situated amid luxuriant groves
of chestnut, with several villas and an oíd Carthusian abbey. Some
interesting caves have recently been discovered in the vicinity.
About 2 M. to the E. of San Dalmazzo lies Briga (2500 ft.; Hotel de la
Source, well spoken of), in the valley of the Levenza, with an interesting
church. A little to the S. is the pine-forest of Piné. — A bridle-path leads
to the W. to (3 hrs.) Casterino (5110 ft.; good accommodation), in an
attractive valley, surrounded by larch-woods. Excursions (guides) may
be made from this point past the oíd zinc, silver, and lead mine of Vallauria,
once worked by the Saracens, to the wild Valle dell' Inferno, strewn with
huge blocks of rock and containing 14 small lakes, and on to (3 hrs.) the
Meraviglie (7218 ft.), rocks of slate inscribed with rude drawings of nnknown
antiquity; viá the Fontanalba Valley, with similar drawings, to the (5 hrs.)
top of the Monte Bego (9425 ft.), which commands a splendid view of the
Alps, Nice, and the Riviera (ascent fatiguing but not difficult); and to
the three large mountain-lakes of Valmasca, which lie in a rocky solitude,
one above another, the largest (2>/2hra.; toilsome walk) at a height of
7675 ft. at the foot of the Mte. Ciamineias (9556 ft.).
Near the (8 M.) French frontier the valley contracts to the *Gola
di Gaudarena, one of the most imposing gorges of the Alps, so nar¬
row at places as barely to leave room for river and road between
the perpendicular rocks (700-800 ft.). — At (1072 M.) Fontana
(Fr. Fontan, 1424 ft.), with the French custom-house, the scenery
assumes a more southern character and the flrst olives appear.
Farther on Saorgio (Fr. Saorge; 1830 ft.), 011 a lofty rocky terrace to
the left, with the ruins of a castle destroyed by the French in 1702,
commands the road. Adjacent is a former monastery.
At (1572M.) La Giandola (1250 ft.; Hotel desEtrangers-Poste),
situated in a green valley at the foot of bare cliffs of slate, the roads
to Nice and Ventimiglia part company.
The Road to Nice (38 M.; diligence from Tenda once daily in 11 hrs.)
leada over the Col di Brouis (2748 ft.) to Sospello, Fr. Sospel (1175 ft.; Hotel
de France), and then over the Col de Braus (3278 ft.) to L'Escaréne (Ital.
Scarena). Finally we descend along the Paillon. — Comp. Baedeker's Southern
The road to Ventimiglia follows the picturesque valley of the
Roia, passes the little town of Breglio or Breil (Hót. de France,
very fair), with the ruined castle of Crivella, and regains Italian
soil (custom-house). It then threads two tunnels, below the rocky
nest of Piena, and farther on traverses the villages of (23 M.) San
Michele and (25 M.) Airóle.
32'/2 M. Ventimiglia, see p. 106.