to Ventimiglia. L1M0NE. 9. Route. 47
guide 12 fr.), the highest of the Maritime Alps, is recommended to experta
only; the splendid panorama from the top includes the plain of the Po
and the Tyrolese Alps on the N.E., the Cottian Alps on the W., the coast
of Provence on the S.W., from the lower valley of the Var to the Islands
of Hyéres, and Corsica on the S.
Another road connects Borgo San Dalmazzo with the Upper Valley of
the Stura (diligence to Bagni di Vinadio in summer). The capital of
this fair valley , known to the Romans as the Vallis Áurea on account
of its fertility, is (lOVz M.) Demonte (2495 ft.; Alb. Garibaldi), an industrial
place with 2400 inhab-, pleasantly situated in an open part of the valley.
Above Demonte the valley contracts. The next villages are (ll1^ M.)
Vinadio (2970 ft.; Alb. d'Italia), picturesquely situated and encircled by
strong fortifications, Sambuco, and Argentera (Fr. Argentiere; 5545 ft.), with
the Italian custom-house. [From Argentera over the Col de Larche or Col de
VArgentiere to Larche and Barcelonnette, in France, see Baedeker's Southern
France.] — A road to the left, halfway between Vinadio and Sambuco,
leads to the Bagni di Vinadio (4363 ft.), situated in a lateral valley, 7 M.
to the S.W. of Vinadio, and possessing a hotel (pens. 7V2-9 fr.) and eight
hot sulphur-springs (86-144° Fahr.). A pleasant excuraion may be made
henee to the (1 hr.) hamlet of Callieri, with its oíd woods of beech and pine
and a fine waterfall. Admirable views are had from the Becco d'Ischiatbr
(9860 ft.; 5 hrs.), reached by passing the lakes of the same ñame, and from
the Monte Timbras (9950 ft.); but the ascent in each case is fatiguing
(guide 12 fr.).
6372 M. Roccavione (2120 ft.), surrounded by chestnut woods,
with a ruined castle. The train enters the valley of the Vermenagna,
enclosed by wooded heights, varying with precipitous limestone
cliffs. Numerous tunnels. — 70 M. Vernante (2620 ft.). We pass
through a long spiral tunnel and across a lofty viaduct.
7472 M. Limone (3300 ft.; Posta, Europa, both plain), a sum¬
mer-resort with 3000 inhab., lies in an open stretch of the valley,
at the N. base of the Col di Tenda. The Gothic parish-church of
San Pietro in Vincoli (1360) contains frescoes of the 15th cent, and
a pulpit from the Certosa di Pesio (p. 49). — Ascent of the Besi-
mauda, see p. 49.
The oíd road over the forlified Col di Tenda, or di Comió (6145 ft.),
wbere the Maritime Alps (W.) termínate and the Ligurian Alps (E.) begin,
is now closed to ordinary traffic. The new road, constructed in 1883,
penetrales the slate-mountains by means of a tunnel, nearly 2 M. long
(N. entrance 4330 ft., S. entrance 4196 ft.). From the central point both
ends are visible. The road then descends through the valley of the Roia
to (8:/2 M.) Vievola (see below).
The railway now traverses the Tenda Tunnel (5 M. long), com-
pleted in 1899, and enters the valley of the Roia. — 81 M. Vievola
(3210 ft.), the present terminus of the railway. Diligence to Venti¬
miglia, see p. 45.
The fine Road to Ventimiglia passes through a ravine, enclosed
by curious sandstone rocks, and reaches —
272 M. (from Vievola) Tenda (2675 ft.; Alb. Nazionale, Savoia,
both very fair; Croce Bianca, Stazione, both plain; diligence to
Nice, see p. 48), a picturesque little town with 2200 inhab., over-
hung by the precipitous Monte Ripa di Berno (5820 ft.). A few
fragments of the castle where Beatrice di Tenda was born (comp.
p. 162) stand on a rock near the cemetery.