7. Route. 41
The *View (best by morning-light) embraces the river, city, plain, and
the chain of the Alps in the background. The prominent heights are: to
the N., the snowy peaks of Monte Rosa (15,215 ft.); to the N.W., the Gran
Paradiso (13,324 ft.; concealing Mont Blanc), Monte Levanna (11,875 ft.), and
the Ciamarella (12,060 ft.); more to the W. is the Rocciamelone (11,604 ft.),
concealing Mt. Cenis; then, to the left, the valley of Susa (p. 44), with the
Sagra di San Michele (p. 3) on a conspicuous hill; farther to the tí.W.
Monte Viso (12,610 ft.).
Near the Monte dei Cappuccini, opposite the Ponte Vittorio
Emanuele Primo (p. 40), stands the church of Gran Madre di Dio
(Pl. G, 4), erected by Ferd. Bonsignore in 1818-31 in imitation of
the Pantheon at Rome, to commemorate the return of King Victor
Emmanuel I. in 1814. In front of the church rises a monument of
the king by Gaggini.
The Cemetery (Campo Santo Genérale; Pl. G, H, 1), l1/^ M. to
the N.E. of the Piazza Castello (open 10-4 in winter in fine weather;
in March, April, Sept, and Oct. 9-6; in summer 8-12 and 2-7), is
entered from the end of the Via Catania, which is reached from the
Ponte delle Benne by the Strada del Regio Parco, a shady avenue
(tramway from the Piazza Castello). In the front section, to the left
by the wall, is the tomb of Silvio Pellico (d. 1854); in the section
behind we observe the ñames of D'Azeglio, Bava, Brofferio, Gioberti,
Pepe, Pinelli, and other eminent Italians. — At the S. end is a Cre-
matorium (Pl. G, H, 1, 2; adm. 9-12).
The * Superga or Soperga (2205 ft.), the royal burial - church
since 1778, conspicuously situated on a hill to the E. of Turin, is
well worthy of a visit in fine weather. A steam-tramway plies from
the Piazza Castello to the village of (3 M.) Sassi in i/^ hr.; thence
we reach the top by cable-tramway in 20 min.; no change of carriages
in the case of treni direlti; return-fares to Sassi 60 or 50 c, to the
Superga 4 fr. 60 or 3 fr. 40 c. (on Sun. and holidays 2 fr. 15 or
1 fr. 55 c). From Sassi the top may also be reached on foot in
1^2 hr. by a shady road (to the right as we quit the station, then
by the flrst turning to the left).
The Superga, a votive offering dedicated by Victor Amadeus II.
on the oocasion of the raising of the siege of Turin in 1706 (p. 26),
and erected in 1717-31 from designs by Juvara, is a handsome
edifice with a lofty dome and an imposing pórtico in the style of an
antique temple, and has a spacious octagonal interior. It includes
a library and a suite of royal apartments (never occupied). We enter
by the door on the left of the church. In the interior (closed 12-2)
are shown a room hung with indifferent portraits of all the popes, the
church, and the crypt containing monuments of the kings from
Victor Amadeus II. to Charles Albert, and of Queen Maria Adelaide
(p. 37) and Duke Amadeus of Aosta (p. 40). The dome (245 ft.
high; 311 steps) commands a splendid **View of the Alps, from
Monte Viso to the Adamello Group (comp. the panorama, and