8 Route 3. BELLINZONA. From Lucerne
Italian in character. On the right the Piumogna descends in a
fine waterfall. — The train now follows the left bank of the Ticino,
traversing a beautiful district, richly wooded with walnut and chest-
nut trees. Cascades descend from the abrupt cliffs on either side,
one of the flnest being the fall of the Cribiasca, a little short of
(82 M.) Lavorgo (2030 ft.).
Farther on the Ticino forces its way through the Biaschina Rav-
ine to a lower región of the valley and forms a beautiful waterfall.
The railway descends on the left bank by means of two spiral tun¬
nels, one below the other in corkscrew fashion: viz. the Pianotondo
Tunnel ("/l0 M. long; 115 ft. of descent), and the Travi Tunnel
(nearly 1 M. long; 118 ft. of descent).
The train has now reached the lower zone of the Valle Leventina,
and crosses and recrosses the Ticino on either side of (87 M.) Gior-
nico (1480 ft.). — 91 M. Bodio (1090 ft.). — The Brenno descends
from the Val Bienio on the left to join the Ticino.
94 M. Biasca (970 ft.), with an oíd Romanesque church on a hill.
— 102 M. Claro (830 ft.), at the foot of the Pizzo di Claro (8920 ft.).
Beyond (104 M.) Castione the train passes the mouth of the Val
Mesocco (Bernardino route) and crosses the Moesa. The train then
passes through a tunnel beyond which we obtain a magnificent view
106 M. Bellinzona (760 ft.; *Railway Restaurant, D. incl. wine
31/2 fr.; Hót. Suisse et Poste, 3/4 M. from the station, R. from 2,
B. li/4, déj. 2i/2, D. 4, omn. 1/2 &•! Cervo, R. iy2-1% B- 1 fr-¡
Hót. International, at the station, R. from l^fr.), the capital of the
cantón of Ticino, a thoroughly Italian town with 5000 inhab., is the
junction for Locarno (p. 191) and Luino (p. 189). Above it rise
three picturesque castles built about 1445 by Fil. Maria Visconti
(p. 127): the Castello San Michele, to the W., the Castello Monte-
bello, and the Castello Corbario, to the E.
Ascent of the Monte Camoghe from Bellinzona viá Giubiasco, see p. 14.
The railway to Lugano and Milán passes through a tunnel
(300 yds.) below the Castello Montebello. — At (108 M.) Giu¬
biasco the railways to the Lago Maggiore (p. 191) diverge to the
right. Our line approaches the foot of the mountains, and ascends
the slopes of Monte Ceneri (4125 ft.). Cadenazzo (p. 191) lies below
on the right. Three tunnels. *View of the Ticino Valley and the
N. end of the Lago Maggiore, improving as we ascend. The train
then penetrates the Monte Ceneri (Hót. du Monte. Ceneri, pens.
0-9 fr.) by means of a curved tunnel (1 M. long), 1435 ft. above the
sea-level. At the S. end of the tunnel, in a sequestered valley,
lies (115 M.) Rivera-Birónico (1420 ft.). The train then descends
the smiling valley of the Agno to (120 M.) Taverne (1130 ft.;
p. 15). — Beyond Lamone (1033 ft.) the train quits the Agno,
threads the Massagno Tunnel (1135 ft. above the sea), and reaches
the Lago di Lugano (p. 182).