3: Route. 7
tunnels, and across the Reuss by an iron bridge, 256 ft. high. We
now follow the left bank of the picturesque Reuss valley, traverse
a tunnel, cross the Inschialp-Bach and the Zgraggen-Tal, and skirt
the mountain through three tunnels and over a viaduct.
Beyond (50 M.) Gurtnellen (2300 ft.) the train crosses the Gor-
neren-Bach and the Haegrigen-Bach, enters the Pfa/fensprung Spiral
Tunnel (1635 yds. long; 115 ft. of ascent), and crosses the Lowcr
Meienreuss Bridge. Beyond the Wattinger Spiral Tunnel (1199 yds.
long; 76 ft. of ascent) the train again crosses the Reuss and pene-
trates another tunnel to —
51 M. Wasen (3050 ft.), a considerable village, the church of
which, owing to the windings of the railway, seems constantly to
shift its position. The imposing Middle Meienreuss Bridge (260 ft.
high) and the Leggistein Spiral Tunnel (1204 yds. long, 82 ft. of
ascent) now carry us to the Upper Meienreuss Bridge, where we cross
the wild and deep ravine of the Meienreuss for the third time.
Passing through another tunnel and skirting the face of the moun¬
tains, we obtain a view of Wasen, far below us, and of the windings
just traversed. Opposite rises the Rienzer Stock (9785 ft.). We
next cross two fine bridges, penétrate the Naxberg Tunnel (1 M.
long), and, immediately beyond the village oí Goeschenen, cross the
deep gorge of the Goeíchenen-Reuss (view of the Goeschenen-Tal
to the right, with the beautiful Dammafirn).
56 M. Goeschenen (3640 ft.; *Ra.il. Restaurant, comp. p. 6).
Immediately beyond the station the train crosses the Gotthard
Reuss and enters the great St. Gotthard Tunnel, which runs nearly
due S., 5-6000 ft. below the highest point of the mountain. The
tunnel is 16,309 yds. or about 9i/4 M. in length, 28 ft. wide, and
21 ft. high, and is laid with a double line of rails. Trains take
14-25 min. to pass through it. — Above the S. end of the tunnel,
to the right, are some new fortiflcations.
66 M. Airólo (3865 ft.), in the upper Ticino Valley, was injured by
a landslip in 1898. The sceneryhere still retains an Alpine character.
Beyond Airólo the train crosses the Ticino, passes through the
Stalvedro Tunnel, and enters the Stretto di Stalvedro. The valley
expands near (70 M.) Ambri-Piotta (3250 ft.). — Beyond (73 M.)
Rodi-Fiesso (3100 ft.) the Monte Piottino (Platifer) projects into
the valley on the N. The Ticino descends the gloomy gorge in a
series of waterfalls. The railway crosses the gorge, passes through
two short tunnels, and enters the Freggio Spiral Tunnel (1 M. in
length), from which we emerge, 118 ft. lower, in the Piottino Gorge.
We again cross the Ticino in the midst of the grandest scenery, and
then thread two short tunnels, the Prato Spiral Tunnel (1 M. long;
118 ft. of descent), and another short tunnel, beyond which we enjoy
a view of the beautiful valley of Faido, with its flne chestnut-trees.
Crossing the Ticino and going through another tunnel, we reach —
78 M Faido (2365 ft.), the capital of the Leventina, thoronghly