3. From Lúceme (Bale) to Lugano, Como, and Milán.
St. Gotthard Railway.
173 M. Express in 6 hrs. (lst el. only; customs-examination in the
train); fast train (some lst & 3rd el. only) in 6'/2-8'/4 hrs. (fares 36 fr. 5,
25 fr. 30, 17 fr. 85c); ordinary train in ll-ll3/* hrs. (customs-examination
at Chiasso). — At Arth-Goldau (see below) this line is joined by the branch
from Zürich (iy<-i1/* hr.). — A dining-car is attached to the express
train (déj. 4, D. 5 fr.) and also (as far as Chiasso) to the afternoon fast
train (déj. 3'/2, D. i fr.). The night express has a sleeping-carriage. A
table-d'hote dinner OV^fr., includ. wine) for passengers by the day-train
is provided at Gceschenen, where the traveller should be careful to avoid
an involuntary change of carriages, or even of trains. — Finest views
from Lucerno to Flüelen on the right, from Flüelen to Goeschenen on the
left, from Ariolo to Bellin/.ona to the right, and from Lugano to Como to
the left. — The "Steamboat Voyage on the Lake of Lucerne from Lúceme
tu Flüelen (2V»-23/4 hrs.) is much pleasanter than the railway-journey
(l-l'/2 hr.) and is recommended to those who are not pressed for time.
Comp. Baedeker's Switzerland.
The *St. Gotthard Railway was constructed in 1872-82, at a total cost
of 245 million francs. Its highest point is in the middle of the great tunnel
and is 3787 ft. above the level of the sea. The inclines (máximum gradient
26 :1000) have been surmounted partly by large spiral tunnels, of which
there are three on the N. side of the St. Gotthard and four on the S. In
all the railway has 80 tunnels (with an aggregate length of 29 M.) and
324 bridges over 30 ft. in span. The great tunnel alone cost nearly 57 million
francs. Louis Favre, the engineer, died of apoplexy in the tunnel on
July 19th, 1879.
Lucerne. — Hotels. Schweizekhof&Luzerner Hof; Hotel National;
Palace Hotel; Beaurivage; Europe ; Angleterre ; Swan Si Rigi, all on
the lake. — Hotel du Lac, St. Gotthard, Monopole et Métropole, all
near the station. — Sauvage, Roissli, Engel, unpretending.
Lúceme (1437 ft.), the capital of the cantón of that ñame, with
33,400 inhab., is beautifully situated at the efflux of the Reuss
from the Lake of Lucerne. The best view is obtained from tbe
Gütsch (1722 ft.), at the N.W. end of the town, i/2 M. from the
station (cable-railway). Near the station is the Museum of Peace and
War. The celebrated Lion of Lucerne, designed by Thorvaldsen,
and the Glacier Garden, with numerous 'glacier-mills', lie Y4 M.
to the N. of the Schweizerhof-Quai. For details, see Baedeker's
The railway skirts Lucerne in two tunnels and then runs towards
the Küssnacht arm of the Lake of Lucerne. The view is very fine,
with the Rigi rising in front of us. — 12 M. Immensee (1520 ft.), on
tbeLakeofZug; 17i/2 M. Arth-Goldau (see above). Beyond (25M.)
Brunnen the line reaches the ürner See or E. arm of the Lake of
Lucerne, along which it runs through a succession of tunnels.
Beyond (32 M.) Flüelen (1435 ft. ; Weisses Kreuz, Adler, etc.)
the train ascends the broad valley of the Reuss, viá (38 M.) Erst-
feld. — The most interesting part of the railway begins at (41i/2 M.)
Amsteg-Silenen (1760 ft.). The train crosses the Kaerstelenbach by
an imposing bridge, commanding a view of the Maderaner-Tal, to
the left, and of the Reuss-Tal, to the right, and is then carried
through the slope of the Bristenatock (10,085 í't.) by means of two