4 Route 2. DOMODOSSOLA. From Brigue
on the level for 550 yds., it descends (gradient 7 : 1000) to the (6'A M.)
S. entrance (2080 ft.), at Iselle, in the valley of the Diveria (see below).
The first 6V2 M. of the tunnel are in Swiss territory. Trains make the
transit in 20-25 minutes.
131/2 M. Iselle di Trasquera (2155 ft.; Hót. du Grand Tunnel
du Simplón, R. 1V2-3, B. H/2 fr-)i witn new fortiflcations, is situated
in the picturesque Val di Vedro, which is watered by the Diveria or
Doveria. The construction of the railway between Iselle and Domo-
dossolawas attendedby great difflculty,as more than half the distance
is occupied by tunnels and cuttings (cost, 1,600,000 fr. per mile).
The line traverses the valley of the Cairasca by means of a spiral
tunnel, and then again descends the Val di Vedro. — 17y2 M. Varzo
(1865 ft.; Albergo Zanalda). The scenery now assumes a distinctly
Italian character: chestnut-trees, fig-trees, mulberries, vines, and
The railway crosses to the right bank of the river in a picturesque
ravine. — 23 M. Preglia (950 ft.) lies near the influx of the Diveria
into the Toce (or Tosa), which issues from the Val Aniigorio (see
Baedeker's Switzerland). Below this point the broad and fertile valley,
frequently injured by inundations, is known as the Val d'Ossola.
251¡2 M. Domodossola (915 ft.; Hotel Terminus et Espagne, R.
272-5) omn. '/z fr; Hót. de la Ville et Poste, with cafe", R. 3'/2 fr.;
Hót. Milán et Suisse, R. 2-3 fr.; Birreria Barisoni; Buffet), the an¬
cient Oscela, a small town with 3500 inhab., beautifully situated,
is the seat of the Italian and Swiss custom-houses and the junction
of a line to Novara (R. 17). The Palazzo Silva (16th cent.) contains
a small museum of antiquities; the Museo Galletti a library and a
cabinet of coins. The Calvary Hill, 20 min. to the S., commands
a superb view towards the N.
About 41/2 M. to the W. lies Bognanco (2083 ft.), the chief place of the
Val di Bogna, with mineral springs and a hydropathic establishment (sKur-
haus, open from June to Sept.; pens. from 10 fr.). English pbysician,
Dr. H. Danvers (in summer).
The Simplón Railway passes to the left bank of the Toce, which
separates into several arms and lilis the whole valley with its débris.
— 29 M. Beura (810 ft), at the base of the hills on the E.
331 ¡2 M. Vogogna (715 ft.; Corona), picturesquely situated at
the foot of pricipitous rocks, with a ruined castle. Near the vülage
is an inscription on a rock, dating from the reign of Septimius
Severus. — 38!/2 M. Premosello; 41M. Cuzzago ; both with stations on
the Novara railway. — To the left appear the white marble-quarries
of Candoglia, which have been worked by the Milanese ever since
the construction of the Naviglio Grande (p. 68). iMilan Cathedral
and part of the Certosa di Pavia are built of Candoglia marble.
42 M. Mergozzo (670 ft.) lies at the W. end of the Lago di Mer-
gozzo, originally an arm of the Lago Maggiore, with which it is now
connected only by a narrow channel. — The railway skirts the S.W.
bank of the lake, at the foot of the Mont Orfano (2595 ft.), noted
for its granite-q