I. Routes to Italy.+
1. From Paris (Geneva) to Turin by Mont Cenis .... 1
From Geneva to Culoz, 1.
2. From Brigue (Lausanne) to Milán viá Arona. Simplón
3. From Lúceme (Bale) to Lugano, Como, and Milán.
St. Gotthard Railway.............. 6
4. From Thusis to Cólico over the Splügen......17
5. FTom Innsbruck to Verona by the Brenner.....19
From Trent to Tezze, 21. — From Mori to Riva, 22.
6. From Vienna to Venice viá Pontebba.......23
1. From Paris (Geneva) to Turin by Mont Cenis.
499 M. Railway in 16V2-27'/s hrs. (fares 91 fr. 50, 62 fr. 15, 40 fr. 20 el.
Travellers are recommended to leave Paris (Gare de Lyon) by the night
express (sleeping-cars) in order to cross the Alps by daylight. — The
'Rome Express' ('train de luxe'; extra fare to Turin 29 fr. 5 c.) leaves
Paris on Mon., Thurs., and Sat. in winter.
From Paris to (348 M.) Culoz (774 ft.; Hotel Folliet; Rail.
Restaurant), the junction of the Geneva line, see Baedeker's North¬
ern France and Baedeker's Southern France.
From Geneva to Culoz, 42 M., railway in V/2-2¡/-¡ hrs. (fares 8 fr. 10 c,
6fr., 4fr. 45 c). The line follows the right bank of the Rhóne, on the
slopes of the Jura Mts. Beyond (14'/2 M.) Collonges the Rhone flows through
a narrow rocky valley, conflned between the Jura and Mont Vouache,
and commanded by the Fort de rMcluse, which rises far above on the
right. The line quits the defile by the long Tunnel du Credo (2l/t M.),
crosses the grand Valserine Viaduci (275 yds. long and 170 ft. high), and
reaches (20'/2 M.) Bellegarde (Poste), at the influx of the Valserine into the
Rhóne (French custom-house examination). — 42 M. Culoz.
The train crosses the Rhóne, and at (352'/2 M.) Chindrieux
reaches the N. end of the Lac du Bourget (746 ft), 10 M. in length,
3 M. in breadth, the E. bank of which it follows. On the opposite
bank is the Cistercian abbey of Hautecombe.
362 M. Aix-les-Bains (850 ft.; Splendide-Hotel Royal; Grand
H6t. Bernascon et Regina; Grand Hót. d'Albion; Hót. de la Poste,
Hót. du Centre, less expensive; and many others), the Aquae Gra-
tianae of the Romans, is a fashionable watering-place with 8120 in-
hab., possessing sulphur-springs (113° Fahr."). In the place in front
of the Etablissement Thermal rises the Arch of Campanus, a Román
tomb of the 3rd or 4th cent., built in the shape of a triumphal arch.
370 M. Chambéry (880 ft.; Hot. de France; Hót. de la Poste $
Métropole; Hót. du Commerce), beautifully situated on the Leysse,
with 22,100 inhab., is the capital of the Department of Savoy and
an archiepiscopal see.
+ Approaches to Italy through France, see Baedeker's Southern France.
Baedíeer. Italy I. 13th Edit^ 1