Wine (vino da pasto, table-wine; ñero, red; Manco, white; dolce,
pastoso, amabile, sweet; secco, dry; del paese, nostrano, wine of the
country) is usually served in open bottles one-half, one fourth, or
one flfth of a litro (un mezzo litro; un quarto ; un quinto or bicchiere).
Wines of a better quality are sold in ordinary quarts and pints.
In the North of Italy the following are the best wines: the care-
fully manufactured Piedmontese brands, Barolo, Nebiolo, Barbera, and
Grignolino (an agreeable table-wine), and the sparkling Asti spumante; the
Valtellina wines (best Sassella); the Veronese Valpolicella, an effervescent
red wine; the.Vincentine Marzemino and Brégame (a white sweet wine);
the Paduan Bagnoli; in the province of Treviso, Conegliano, Raboso di Piave,
Prosecco, and Verdiso; in Udine, Refosco; the wine of Bologna, partly from
French vineyards; Lambrusco, etc.
In Liguria the local wines of the Val Polcevera (best Coronata) and the
Cinque Terre share the popularity of the Piedmontese and Tuscan vintages.
In Tuscany the best wines (almost all red) are: Chianti (best Broglio),
Rufina (best Pomino), Nipozzano, Aliomena, and Carmignano, and Aleatico
(sweet). Orvieto and Montepulciano are produced farther to the south. —
In Tuscany the ordinary table-wine, which is met with all over N. Italy
under the ñame 'Chianti', is generally served in a 'fiasco', or straw-covered
ílask holding three ordinary bottles, but only the quantity consumed is paid
for. Smaller bottles may be obtained: mezzo fiasco e/2), quarto fiasco Q/i),
fiaschetto or ottavino (l/s).
Like the trattorie with lCucina alia casalinga' ('homely fare'),
the Osterie, or ordinary wine-shops, are almost exclusively fre¬
quented by the lower ranks. The pnces are often inseribed on the
outside of the shop ('6', '7', '8', meaning that half a litre costs 6,
7, or 8 soldi). Some of the better wine-rooms (Fiaschetterie) selling
Tuscan wines provide also very tolerable meáis.
Cafés are frequented for breakfast and luncheon, and in the
evening by numerous consumera of ices, coffee, beer, vermouth (usu¬
ally with Seltzer water), etc. The tobáceo smoke is often very dense.
Caffi ñero, or coffee without milk, is usually drunk (15-25 c. per cup).
Caffe latte is coffee mixed with milk before served (25-50 c; ícappuccino\
or small cup, cheaper). Chocolate (cioccolata) costs 25-50 c. Roll (pane) 5,
with butter (pane e burro) 20 c. Cakes or biscuits (paste) 5-15 c.
Ices (gelato) of every possible variety are supplied at the cafés at
30-90 c. per portion; or half a portion (mezza) may be ordered. Sorbetto,
or half-frozen ice, and spremuto, lemonade flavoured with fruit-syrup, are
much in vogue in the forenoon. Granita is water-ice (limonata, lemon;
aranciata, orange; di caffe, coffee). Gassosa, aérated lemonade, is also fre¬
quently ordered. The waiters expect a sou or more, according to the amount
of the payment.
The principal Parisian and Viennese newspapers (giornali) are to be
found at all the larger cafés, English less often. Italian papera (5-10 c.)
are everywhere offered by newsvendors. The Corriera delta Sera (p. 130)
gives most of the foreign despatches. The Román papers Giornale d'Italia
and Tribuna also are much read in Tuscany.
Birrerie, corresponding to the French 'Brasseries', are now found
in all the larger towns and chief resorts of visitors. Munich, Pilsen,
or Gratz beer may generally be procured at these. A small glass
(piccola tazza) costs 30-40 c, a large glass (generally holding un
mezzo litro) 50-60 c. Luncheon may usually be obtained at these.
Cigars (Sigari) in Italy are a monopoly of Government, and
usually bad. Italians prefer strong cigars, e.g. Toscani, Napoletani,