person at the steamboat-agencies. Ladies should travel first-class, but
gentlemen of modest requirements will find the second cabin very fair.
The steward expects a gratuity of about 1 fr. per day, or more if the trav¬
eller has given him extra tronble. — The inadequate arrangements for
embarking and disembarking give great annoyance. The tariff is usually
1-lYí fr. for each person, including luggage; but the passengers are generally
left at the mercy of the boatmen, who often make extortionate demands.
The traveller should not enter the boat until a clear bargain has been
made for the transport of himself and his impedimenta, and should not
pay until everything has been deposited on deck or on shore. Small articles
of luggage should be kept in one's own hands.
VIII. Cycling and Motoring.
The environs of Milán, Turin, Verona, and Bologna, the neigh-
bourhood of the Italian Lakes, and the Riviera all offer many attrac-
tions for the cyclist and motorist. The roads are good on the whole,
though often very dusty in summer (especially in the N. Italian
plain) and correspondingly muddy in wetweather. — English riders
should remember that the rule of the road in Italy is the reverse of
that in England: keep to the right on meeting, to the left in over-
taking another vehicle.
The unattached Cyclist on entering Italy with his wheel must
deposit 42 fr. 60 c. with the custom-house authorities, which sum
is returned to him (though sometimes not without difficulties) when
he quits the country. Members of well-known cyclist associations,
such as the Cyclists'' Touring Club (London; 47 Victoria St., S.W.)
or the Touring Club de France (Paris; 10 Place de la Bourse), are,
however, spared this formality, on conditions explained in the
handbooks of these clubs. A certifícate of re-exportation (certificato
di scarico) should always be obtained, as otherwise the club of
which the cyclist is a member, may be called upon subsequently to
pay the duty as above. — On the railways cycles are treated as ordinary
passengers' luggage (p. xviii). Valises should not be left strapped
to cycles when sent by rail, owing to the risk of theft (p. xviii).
Motor Cars entering Italy are liable to pay a customs-duty
(varying from ca. 200 fr. to ca. 600 fr. according to the weight of the
car), which is returned when the car quits the country. A licence
for the car and a driver's licence are necessary, but those issued by
foreign countries are accepted if lodged within five days at a pro¬
vincial prefettura for registration. Petrol is easily obtained in North
Italy (3-5 fr. per gallón).
Members of the Touring Club Italiano (Milán, Via Monte Napoleone 14 ;
entrance fee 2 fr., annual subscription 5 fr.) command advantageous terms
at numerous hotels, besides having access to the special information and
maps of the club. One of its best guides is L. V. BertarelWs Guida Itinerario
delle Strade di grande Comunicazione dell' Italia (3rd ed.; Milán, 1900),
with numerous maps and plans. It also publishes road-maps at la. Gd.
each (Sheet 1, Lombardia, Piemonte, e Liguria; Sheet 2, Véneto).
First Class Hotels, comfortably fitted up, are to be found at
all the principal resorts of travellers in Northern Italy, most of them