The gold coins of the Latín Monetary League (Italy, France,
Belgium, Switzerland, and Greece) circuíate at their face-valne;
also the gold coins of Austria (4 and 8 gulden-pieces), Russia,
Roumania, Servia, and Monaco. The silver flve-franc pieces (scudi)
of the Latín Monetary League are accepted at their full valué, and
also those of the former small Italian states, with the exception of
the Papal states and the Duchy of Lucca. The traveller should
refuse all other Italian silver coins issued before 1863, French coins
issued before 1864, Belgian and Swiss coins issued before 1866,
Greek coins issued before 1867, and coins of Monaco issued before
1898. No foreign copper coins legally circuíate except those of San
Marino issued since 1864. Obsolete and worn coins are frequently
offered to strangers at shops and inns and even at railway ticket-
offices. — A piece of 5 c. is called a soldó or palanca, and as the
lower classes often keep their accounts in soldi, the traveller will
flnd it useful to accnstom himself to this mode of reckoning (dieci
soldi = 50 c, dodici soldi = 60 c, etc.).
Best Money for the Tour. Circular Notes or Letters of Credit, ob-
tainable at the principal English or American banks, form the proper
médium for the transport of large sums, and realise the most favourable
exchange. English and Germán banknotes also realice their nominal
valué. Sovertigns are received at the full valué (not less than 25 fr.) by
the principal hotel-keepers.
Exchange. Foreign money is most advantageously changed in the
larger towns, either at One of the English bankers or at a regpectable
inoney-changer's Ccambiavaluta'). As a rule, those money-changers are
the most satisfactory who publicly exhibit a list of the current rates of
exchange. The traveller should always be provided with an abundant
supply of silver and small notes, as it is often difflcult to change notes of
large amount. It is also advisable to carry 1-2 fr. in copper and nickel in
a sepárate pocket or pouch.
Money Ordert payable in Italy, for sums not exceeding 40J., are granted
by the British Post Office at the following rates: up to 1¡., íd.; 6í., 1j.;
10í-, 1». Gd.; 201., 2s. 9<Z. ,• 40í., 5j. 3d. These are payable at the rate of
of 25 fr. 20 c. per M. The identity of the receiver must be guaranteed
by two well-known residents, or by an exhibition of the passport. The
charge for money-orders granted in Italy and payable in England is 40c.
per 11. sterling. — Telegraph Money Orders are allowed for certain places
in Italy only.
II. Period and Flan of Tour.
Season. As a general rule, the spring and autumn months are
the best season for a tour in North Italy, especially April and May
or September and October. "Winter in Lombardy (apart from a few
favoured spots on the shores of the lakes) and Piedmont is generally
a much colder season than it is in England, but the Ligurian Riviera
(Genoa excepted) affords pleasant and sheltered quarters. The
height of snmmer can hardly be recommended for travelling. The
scenery, indeed, is then in perfection, and the long days are hailed
with satisfaction by the enterprising traveller; but the flerce rays of
an Italian sun seld"™ fail to imnair t.bf» nbvsir.al arifl mp.ntal energies.