the beds, masks for the face, and gloves are employed to ward
off the attacks of these pertinacious intruders.
In all the more frequented places good hotels of the first
class are always to be found, the landlords of which are often
Swiss or Germans. Rooms 2'/-2—5 fr., bougie 75 c. — 1 fr.,
attendance 1 fr., table d'hote 4 fr., and so on. Families, for
whose reception the hotels are often specially fitted up, should
make an agreement with the landlord with regard to pension
(8—10 fr. each). The charges have risen in some respects since
the introduction of the compulsory rate of exchange in 1866.
Strangers are expected to dine at the table d'hote, otherwise
the price of the room is raised, or the inmate is given to under¬
stand that it is 'wanted'. French spoken everywhere. Cuisine
a mixture of French and Italian.
The second-class inns are thoroughly Italian, rarely very clean
or comfortable; charges about one-half the above; no table d'hote,
but a trattoria will generally be found connected with the house,
where refreshments a la carte may be procured at any hour.
These establishments will often be found convenient and econo¬
mical by the 'voyageur en garcon', but are of course rarely visited
In hotels in the Italian style, especially in the smaller towns,
it is advisable to institute enquiries as to charges beforehand.
If exorbitant demands be made, they may be generally reduced
without difficulty to reasonable limits^An extortionate bill may
even be reduced although no prevwms agreement has been
made, but this is never effected without long and vehement
The best hotels have fixed charges. Attendance, exclusive
of boots and commissionaire, is charged in the bill. This is not
the case in the smaller inns, where 1 fr. per diem is usually
divided between the waiter and the facchino, or less for a
prolonged stay. Copper coins are never despised by such re¬
Hotels Garnis are much frequented by those whose >tay ex¬
tends to 10—14 days and upwards, and the inmates enjoy greater
quiet and independence than at a hotel. The charges are moreover
considerably more moderate. Attendance about ijo fr. per diem.
Lodgings of various degrees of comfort and accommodation
may also be procured for a prolonged residence. Here, likewise,
a distinct agreement respecting the rent should be made before¬
hand. Where a whole suite of apartments is hired, a written
contract should be drawn up with the aid of some one acquainted
with the language and customs of the place (e. g. a banker).
For single travellers a verbal agreement with regard to atten¬
dance, linen, stoves and carpet- in winter, a receptacle for coal,
ptc will ypner.illv suffice.