guard against the possibility of imposition. No luggage is al¬
lowed free, except what is taken by the passenger into his
carriage, which must not exceed 20 kilogrammes (about 44 lbs.
Engl.) in weight. Travellers will therefore find it desirable to
limit their 'impedimenta' so as to be able to avail themselves
of this permission. Porters who convey luggage to and from the
•carriages are sufficiently rewarded with a few sous, where there
is no fixed tariff.
In the larger towns tickets may be obtained at the agent's
office before going to the station. In consequence of a law passed
on Oct. 1st, 1866, a tax of 5 c. must be paid on each railway-
ticket. It is a wise precaution to be provided with the exact
fare before taking tickets.
The most trustworthy information respecting hours of de¬
parture, fares, etc. is afforded by the 'Indicatore Ufftciale delle
strade ferrate', etc. (see Preface), with which the traveller should
not fail to provide himself. The local time-tables of the Tuscan,
Roman, and Neapolitan lines will also be found useful, and
may be procured at the railway-stations for a few sous.
Through tickets and excursion-tickets at considerably reduced
rates are issued at many of the principal towns in Germany and
Switzerland. They are generally available for 30 days, and each
passenger is allowed 55 lbs. of luggage free. Excision-tickets
to the principal towns in Italy and back, available sometimes
for 50 days, are issued in Italy at a reduction of 45 per cent.
Farther particulars will be found in the time-tables, or at the
'agenzia', or office of the railway. Tickets from Italy to Switzer¬
land, Germany, etc. must be partly paid for in gold. Travellers
about to cross the frontier in either direction are strongly re¬
commended to superintend the custom-house examination of
luggage in person.
Steamboats. A voyage on the Mediterranean or Adriatic is
almost inseparably connected with a tour in Italy and Sicily,
irrespective of the fact that the latter can be reached by water
only. If the vessel plies near the coast, the voyage is often
extremely entertaining; and if the open sea is traversed, the
magnificent Italian sunsets, which light up the deep blue water
with their crimson rays, present a scene not easily forgotten.
Rough weather is not very often to be apprehended in summer.
Tickets should be purchased by the traveller in person at the
office of the company. The ticket is furnished with the purchaser's
name and destination, the name of the vessel, and the hour of
departure. Fares, duration of voyage, etc. are stated in each in¬
stance in the following pages. Family-tickets for the first or se¬
cond class, for not fewer than three persons, are issued by all the
companies at a reduction of 20 per cent on the fare, but not oil
the cost of food. A child of 2 —10 years pays half-fare, but in