PLAN OF TOUR.
falling for several months in succession. The first showers of
autumn, which fall about the end of August, again commence
to refresh the parched atmosphere.
The Plan of a tour in Italy must be framed in accordance
with the object which the traveller has in view. Florence, Rome,
and Naples are the principal centres of attraction; the less fre¬
quented districts of the interior, however, are also replete with
inexhaustible sources of interest. In order to obtain a more than
superficial acquaintance with Italy, the traveller must not devote
his attention to the larger towns exclusively. The farther he
diverges from the beaten track, the better opportunities he will
have of gaining an insight into the characteristics of this fasci¬
The time and labour which the traveller has bestowed on
the study of the Italian language at home will be amply repaid
as he proceeds on his journey. It is by no means impossible
to travel through Italy without an acquaintance with Italian or
French, but in this case the traveller cannot conveniently deviate
from the ordinary track, and is moreover invariably made to pay
lalla Inglese', by hotel-keepers and others, i. e. considerably more
than the ordinary charges. A knowledge of French is of very
great advantage, for the Italians are extremely partial to that
language, and avail themselves of every opportunity of employing
it. For those, however, who desire to confine their expenditure
within reasonable limits, a slight acquaintance with the language-j-
of the country is indispensable.
Nowhere more than in Italy is the traveller who is ignorant
of the language so much debarred from the thorough enjoyment
of travelling, and from the opportunity of forming an independent
opinion of the country, its customs, history, literature, and art.
IV. Passports and Custom-houses.
On entering the kingdom of Italy, the traveller's passport is
rarely demanded; but it is unwise not to be provided with one
of these documents, as it may occasionally prove useful. Re¬
gistered letters, for example, will not be handed over to strangers,
t 'Baedeker's Manual of Conversation in four Languages (English,
French, German, and Italian) with Vocabulary etc.' (19th Edit.) will
be found serviceable for this purpose. With the addition of a pocket-dic¬
tionary, the traveller may safely encounter the difficulties of the situation.
— In addressing persons of the educated classes 'lei', with the 3rd pers.
sing., should always be employed (addressing several at once, 'loro' with
the 3rd pers. pi.). 'Voi' is used in addressing waiters, drivers, etc., 'tu'
by those only who are proficient in the language. 'Voi' is the commonest
mode of address employed by the Neapolitans, but is generally regarded
as inelegant or uncourteous.