Diary. FLORENCE. 53. Route. 369
Piazza d'Azeglio, and several others. — Open-air Theatres : Goldoni(P\.B 6)-
Politeama (PI. B, 2), Corso Vitt. Emmanuele, near the Cascine, operas ballet'
farces, and sometimes a circus.
Popular Festivals. Saturday before Easter. 'Lo Scoppio del Carro'
a chariot laden with fireworks, is driven to the front of the cathedral'
and its contents ignited by a dove ('La Colombina'), which descends from
the high-altar along a string. The course of the 'dove', which is made
to return to the altar, is watched with great interest by the thousands of
country people assembled in the piazza, as its regularity or irregularity
is supposed to presage a good or a bad harvest respectively. The remaining
fireworks are let off at the Canto de' Pazzi. — On the eve of the Feast
of Epiphany (Befana; Jan. 6th) the 'Street Arabs' perambulate the streets
with horns, torches, and shouting, and the feast itself is celebrated by a
universal exchange of presents. — On Assumption Day C-Gorno dei GrillV)
the people go out to the Cascine before daybreak, breakfast on the grass
and amuse themselves till evening. — In the old quarters the inhabitants
of each street celebrate the day of their patron-saint with music and fire¬
works. — The celebrations at the other ecclesiastical festivals are now
confined to the interior of the churches. — During the Carnival several
'Veglioni' or masked balls are held. — At the Festa dello Statuto, which
takes place on the first Sunday in June, there is a parade in the Cascine
and an illumination after dark. — The Festival of St. John on 24th June
is observed by fireworks, etc. — Giuoco di Pallone (p. 307), outside the
Porta S. Gallo; adm. 20c.-lfr.
Diary. Churches generally open the whole day, except from 1272 to 2
or 3 p.m. — Collections belonging to government are closed on the last
Sunday of each month. —Admission to the other sights, except on the public
holidays, as follows (see also the newspapers, and comp. Introduction,
p. xxi): —
"Accademia delle Belle Arti, daily, 10-4, admission lfr., Sun. (10-3),
and from April to November on Thurs. also gratis (see p. 413).
Archaeological Museum, daily, 10-4, adm. 1 fr., Sun. gratis (see p. 400).
Biblioteca Laurenziana, daily, exc Sun. and holidays, 9-3, vacation
from 1st Oct. to 10th Nov. (p. 421; students may procure books and MSS.
during the vacation on application to the directors of the Biblioteca
Bibl. Marucelliana, daily, exc. Sun., 10-2 (p. 419).
Bibl. Nazionale, daily, exc. Sun. and. festivals, 9-4 (p. 392).
Bibl. Riccardiana, daily, exc. Sun., 9-2; vacation from 1st Oct. to
10th Nov. (p. 419).
"Boboli Garden, open to the public on Sun. and Thurs. afternoons (p. 439).
Exhibitions of Art at the Societa Artistica, Viale Principe Eugenio, near
the Protestant cemetery.
"Gal. Buonarroti, Mon. and Thurs., 9-3 (p. 409).
Gal. Corsini, Tues., Thurs., and Sat., 10-3 (p. 426).
""Gal. Pitti, daily 10-4, Sun. gratis, on other days, adm. 1 fr. (p. 430).
""Gal. degli Uffizi, 10-4, Sun. gratis, on other days, adm. lfr. (p. 377).
"S. Lorenzo, new sacristy and chapel of the princes, daily, 10-4, adm.
50 c. (Sun. free), pp. 419, 420.
S. Maria de'' Pazzi (Perugino's fresco), dailv 12-4, adm. 25 c, Sun,
free (p. 400).
"Museo di S. Marco, daily, 10-4; on Sun. gratis, at other times lfr.
"Museo Nazionale, daily 10-4, lfr., on Sun. gratis (p. 401).
Museo di Storia Naturale, Tues., Thurs., and Sat., 10-4; strangers
admitted daily on application (p. 440).
Ospedale S. Maria Nuova (pictures), daily, 9-3, Sun. 10-2 (p. 399).
Chief Attractions: Piazza della Signoria with the Palazzo Vecchio and
the Loggia dei Lanzi (pp. 375, 377); Galleria degli Uffizi (p. 377); Piazza del
Duomo with the Baptistery and the Cathedral (pp. 394, 396); the churches
of S. Croce (p. 406), S. Lorenzo (p. 419), S. Maria Novella (p. 423), S. Marco
Baep^kr Tta.lv I. 6th Edit. 24