204 Route 53. VERONA. Arena.
From this point to S. Giovanni in Valle, S. Maria in Organo,
and the Giardino Giusti, see p. 209.
At the church of St. Anastasia (p. 202) begins the Corso Cavour
(PI. F-C, 2), the principal street of the town, in which a number
of handsome palaces are situated. In the Corso, about midway, rises
the Porta de' Borsari (PI. D, 3), an ancient triumphal arch or town
gate , occupying the whole breadth of the street, consisting of two
entrance-archways, with two galleries above them, and a facade
towards the outside of the town, erected A. D. 265.
A little farther on, to the left, is the church of the Santi Apos-
toli, with a very ancient tower and a Romanesque apse. We next
observe, also on the left (No. 19), the handsome ^Palazzo Bevil-
acqua, by Sammicheli, with large windows. Opposite is the small
church of S. Lorenzo (11th cent.), with two towers which probably
formed part of a Roman gate. Then on the right, No. 38, the Pa¬
lazzo Portalupi, and, on the same side, No. 44, the Palazzo Canossa,
also by Sammicheli, with a fine portico and columned court, but
with an attica added in 1770 (frescoes by Tiepolo in the portat).
On the right we then reach the Castello Vecchio (PI. C, 3), the
ancient palace of the Scaligers, now an arsenal, connected with
the opposite bank of the Adige by a handsome bridge (not
accessible) constructed in the 14th century.
The Rigasta S. Zeno leads hence to the W. to S. Zeno (p. 205),
and the Via S. Bernardino S.W. to S. Bernardino (p. 205), while
the Corso is prolonged towards the S. to the Porta Stuppa (p. 205).
To the S. of the Corso, and connected with it by several streets,
lies the Piazza Bra (PI. D, 4; probably from 'pratum, meadow),
or Piazza Vittorio Emmanuele. On the E. side this square is
bounded by the * Arena, a Roman amphitheatre, erected under
Diocletian about A. D. 290, and known in German lore as the
abode of Dietrich of Berne (p. 200). It is 106 ft. in height, 168 yds.
long, 134 yds. wide (the arena itself 83 yds. long, 48 yds. wide),
circumference 525 yds. Around the amphitheatre (entrance from
the W. side by the arcade No. V, fee 50 c.) rise 45 tiers of steps,
18 inches in height, 26 inches in width, of grey marble (modern),
on which it is calculated that 20,000 spectators could sit, while
almost as many more could find standing-room on the wooden plat¬
forms above them at the back. Two doors at the ends of the longer
diameter afforded access to the arena itself, while the spectators
reached their seats by flights of steps both on the inside and outside.
The upper steps command a beautiful view. Equestrian performances,
pyrotechnic displays, rope-dancing, etc., frequently take place in
the arena. — The Via Nuova , terminating near the Arena, and
paved with massive blocks of stone, is one of the principal thorough¬
fares of the town, leading N.E. to the Piazza delle Erbe (see p. 200).
Ln the Via Scala, which diverges from it to the right, are the Palazzo