Academy. TURIN. 9. Route. 65
the public Mon. and Thurs.; to strangers daily on application
at the palace). — The Cathedral, which adjoins the palace on the
W., see p. 68.
In the Piazza Carignano , near the Piazza Castello, to the S.,
rises the Palazzo Carignano (PL 36; F, 3), with its curious brick
ornamentation, erected by Guarini in 1680. The Sardinian Cham¬
ber of Deputies met here from 1848 to 1860, and the Italian Par¬
liament from 1860 to 1865. The handsome facade at the back,
towards the Piazza Carlo Alberto, was built in 1871 from the de¬
signs of Bollati and Ferri.
The rooms used by the parliament are now devoted to the Natural
History Collections formerly in the Academy (open to the public every
week-day 10-4, in winter 1-3). The collection is divided into the Zoolo¬
gical and Comparative Anatomy Section and the Palaeontological, Geological,
and Mineralogical Section. The former contains a fine array of birds
and insects, and a collection of the vertebrates of Italy arranged in a
separate gallery. The palseontological division contains a fine collection
of fossil mollusca from the tertiary formations, and the skeletons of a
gigantic armadillo (Glyptodon Clavipes) from Rio de la Plata, a Tetra-
lophodon Avernensis, a, Megatherium Cuvieri, and other antediluvian animals.
In the Piazza Carignano, in front of the palace , stands the
finely-executed marble statue of the philosopher and patriot Gio-
berti (PL 29), by Albertoni, erected in 1859.
The Piazza Carlo Alberto (E. side of the Palazzo Carignano)
is embellished with a bronze monument of King Charles Albert
(PL 27), designed by Marochetti, and cast in London. The pedestal
stands on four steps of Scottish granite; at the corners below
are four colossal statues of Sardinian soldiers ; above them are four
allegorical female figures, representing Martyrdom, Freedom,
Justice, and Independence. The Piazza Carlo Alberto is connected
with the Piazza Castello by the Galleria Subalpina (p. 63).
In the vicinity, at the corner of the Piazza Carignano and the
Via dell' Accademia No. 4, is the Palazzo dell' Accademia delle
Scienze (PL 3; E, 3), containing a picture-gallery and museums
of natural history and antiquities. The building, formerly the
Jesuit College, was erected by Guarini in 1678. To the right on
the Ground-Floor are the Egyptian, Roman, and Greek sculp¬
tures ; on the First Floor, the smaller antiquities; on the Second
Floor (98 steps), the picture-gallery. These collections are open
daily 9-4 (the Antiquities in winter 10-4), adm. 1 fr.; on Sun.
Museum of Antiquities (Museo Egizio e di Antichita Greco-Romane). —
Hall I. contains large Egyptian sphynxes, figures of idols and kings, sarco¬
phagi, reliefs. The finest figures are the colossal statue of Seti II., in
red sandstone; the red granite statue of Amenophis II.; a smaller statue
of the same monarch in black granite; a small white figure of Amosis;
and the black *Statue of Ramses II. (Sesostris), above which is an in¬
scription in honour of the celebrated Parisian Egyptologist Champollion.
Hall II.: Egyptian statues and late Greek works found in Egypt; on the
right a good torso, on the left four figures placed round a column, bearing
the name of Protys the sculptor. Minerva, over life-size. In the centre of
the room 'Mosaics found at Stampacci in Sardinia, representing Orpheus
Baedeker. Italy I. 6th Edit. 5