52 Route 8. GRATZ. From Vienna
(2254 ft.), with a half-ruined castle of Prince Liechtenstein, on a
rocky pinnacle, once the key of Styria. Far below runs the old
Semmering road; several factories, and the white houses of
Schottwien, nestling in a narrow gorge, are visible. The train now
skirts the Weinzettelwand by a long gallery and reaches (66 M.)
Breitenstein (2544 ft.). Two more tunnels are traversed, and the
ravines of the Kalte Rinne and the TJntere Adlitzgraben crossed by
lofty viaducts. After three more tunnels the train reaches —
71 M. Semmering (2884 ft.). In order to avoid the remain¬
ing part (360 ft.) of the ascent, the train penetrates the highest part
of the Semmering, the boundary between Austria and Styria, by
a tunnel nearly 1 M. in length, the middle of which is the culmin¬
ating point of the line (2890 ft.) and then descends rapidly on the
N. slope of the peaceful dale of the Frbschnitz to (78 M.) Spital and
(8272 M.) Murzzuschlag (2195 ft.; *Erzherzog Johann; *Adler;
Post; Rail. Restaurant, with beds), an old town on the Murz.
The train now follows the picturesque , pine-clad valley of the
Murz, containing numerous forges. 90 M. Krieglach ; 92 M. Mitter-
dorf, with extensive gun-manufactories. On the right .rises the
chateau of Pilchl, with its four towers, and beyond, the ruins of
Lichtenegg. Stations Kindberg and Kapfenberg with the castles of
these names. Near stat. Bruck rises the ancient castle of Landskron.
108 M. Sruck (1589 ft. ; *Bernauer, at the station) is a small
town at the confluence of the Murz and the Mur, with an old
castle. — From Bruck to Villach and Udine (Venice), see R. 7.
The train now enters the narrow valley of the Mur. 115 M.
Pernegg, with a chateau. Near Mixnitz there are interesting stalac¬
tite caves. The forges of (125 M.) Frohnleiten on the right bank and
the castle of Pfannberg on the left belong to Prince Lobkowitz.
Schloss Rabenstein on the right bank is the property of Prince
Liechtenstein. The train passes the Badelwand, and skirts the
river by means of a rocky gallery of 35 arches, above which runs
the high-road. 12972 M. Peggau possesses silver and lead mines.
The train crosses the Mur. 132 M. Klein-Stubing, with a hand¬
some chateau ; 134 M. Gratwein. Near (136 M.) Judendorf, on an
eminence to the W., rises the Gothic pilgrimage-church of Maria-
Strassengel with handsome towers. The train now skirts a height,
at the foot of which rises the castle of Gbsting, a favourite resort
of the Gratzers, and enters the fertile basin in which Gratz is
situated. In the foreground rises the Schlossberg.
141 M. Gratz (1068 ft.). — Hotels on the right bank of the Mur:
'-Elephant, R. 111. 10, L. 20, A. 35, B. 65, omnibus 30kr.; *Oesterreich-
isoher Hof; *Goll»nes Ross; *Florian; *Goldner Lowe; Drei Raben.
— On the left bank: 'Euzherzog Johann ; *Ries; Kaiserkrone.
Gratz, the capital of Styria, picturesquely situated on both banks
of the Mur, which is crossed by four bridges, with 97,800 inhab.,
is one of the pleasantest provincial capitals of Austria. The