40 Route 5. LUKMANIER. From Coire
extremity of the Lake of Como (R. 23). From Colico to Como, see
From Coire to Biasca by the Lukmanier.
77 M. Diligence to (39 M.) Disentis twice daily in 83/4 hrs. (fare 14 fr.
85 c, coupe 18 fr.); from Disentis to (38 M.) Biasca once daily in 874 hrs.
(fare 13 fr. 10 c ; coupe 16 fr. 20 c).
From Coire to (6 M.) Reichenau, see p. 33. The road, one of the
most picturesque in Switzerland, ascends the valley of the Vorder-Rhein,
which is plentifully sprinkled with castles. Numerous villages and ham¬
lets are passed. Above (274 M.) Trins rises the ruined castle of Hohentrins.
13 M. Flims (3616ft.), a small and ancient town. — The pensions of
Waldhduser, 1 M. farther, are in great request in summer. — At Schleuis
(2507 ft.) is the chateau of Lowenberg.
2072 M. Ilanz (2355 ft.; Oberalp; Lukmanier), prettily situated at
the mouth of the Lugnetz Valley. — To the right, near the village of
Waltensburg, are the ruins of Jbrgenberg. The Rhine is crossed near
Tavanasa, and again near Zignau or Rinkenberg. The Rinkenberg bridge
commands one of the finest views in the valley.
32 M. Trons (2822ft.; Krone; Zum Todi). — At Somvix the valley of
the same name opens on the S. The road between Somvix and Disentis
is remarkable for the boldness of its construction. Several tributaries of
the Rhine are crossed.
3872 M. Disentis (3773ft.; "Disentiser Hof; "Hdtel Condrau, zur Post;
'Hdtel Condrau, zur Krone), a market-town with a Benedictine Abbey,
situated at the confluence of the Medelser, or Mittel-Rhein, and the Vor¬
der-Rhein. The Lukmanier road ascends the valley of the former, while
the road to Andermatt leads through the Vorder-Rhein valley.
The New Road over the Lukmanier Pass (opened in 1878) crosses the
Vorder-Rhein just above its confluence with the Mittel-Rhein, and enters
the * Val Medel, the profound and wild ravine of the latter stream.
Eleven tunnels are passed through before Curaglia is reached, and numerous
magnificent views are enjoyed. At the end of the ravine the road crosses
to the right bank of the Rhine.
4172 M. Curaglia (4370 ft.; Post), at the entrance to the Val Platta.
— 46 M. Platta (4528ft.; Post). Several hamlets are passed. — 4872 M.
Perdatsch (5093ft.), a group of hovels, at the mouth of the Val Cristallina.
The road ascends by a long bend to St. Gion (5298ft.), and then gradually
mounts to the hospice of —
50 M. S. Maria (6043ft.; :Tnn). About r/4 M. farther, the road crosses
the summit of the Lukmanier (6289 ft.), the boundary between the
Grisons and Canton Ticino, and, with one exception (the Maloja, 5941 ft.),
the lowest of the Alpine passes from Switzerland to Italy. The road is
now level for some distance, and then leads high above the Brenno,
on the precipitous N. side of the Val S. Maria, being hewn at places in
the face of the rock. The road next descends to (472 M.) the hospice of
Camperio (4028 ft.), where it crosses the Brenno.
68 M. Olivone (2927ft.; 'Hdtel Olivone), the highest village in the Val
Blegno, picturesquely situated. — The road descends on the left bank of
the Brenno, passing numerous villages. The lower part of the Val Blegno
76 M. Biasca, see p. 34. The station is 1 M. to the S. of the village.
From Coire to Bellinzona by the S. Bernardino Pass.
76 M. Diligence from Coire to Bellinzona once daily in summer
in 16hrs. (fare 27fr. 10, coupe" 33fr. 45 c). Carriages are changed at
Spliigen, where coupe places cannot always be secured.
From Coire to Spliigen, 3272 M., see pp. 36-38. — The Bernardino
Road, constructed in 1819-23, ascends from the village of Spliigen (4757 ft.)
to the W., in the upper Rheinwaldthal, or Val Rhein, on the left bank of
the Hinter-Rhein to —