to Lugano. BELLINZONA. 4. Route. 35
ated upon a hill. From the station a series of oratories ascends to the
Petronilla Chapel, near which is the *Froda or St. Petronilla Fall.
— From Biasca over the Lukmanier to Coire, see p. 40.
The railway now traverses the very hot and dusty valley of the
Ticino close to the base of the richly cultivated E. slopes of the
mountains. — 101 M. Osogna (965 ft.), at the foot of an abrupt
and rocky height. Near Cresciano, on the left, are several pictur¬
esque waterfalls. — 105 M. Claro (1017 ft.), at the foot of the Pizzo
di Claro (8760 ft.), with the monastery of S. Maria on the hill-side.
— 107 M. Castione; on the left, farther on, opens the Vol Mesocco
(Bernardino route, p. 41), whence descends the Moesa, which is
crossed by the railway. To the left lies Arbedo (p. 41). The train
then passes through a tunnel (77 yds. long), beyond which we obtain
a magnificent view of Bellinzona.
109 M. Bellinzona (777 ft.; *Poste et Pension Suisse; Hdtel de
la Ville; * Angelo; Railway Restaurant), the capital of the canton
of Ticino, with 2500 inhab., presents a strikingly picturesque ap¬
pearance when viewed from a distance, but the charm is dispelled
when the town is entered.
The three picturesque Castles were once the residence of the bailiffs
of the three ancient confederate cantons. The largest, the Castello Grande,
on an isolated hill to the W., belonged to Uri; of the other two, towards
the E., the lower, II Castello di Mezzo, belonged to Schwyz, and the
Castello Corbario or Corbi (1502 ft.), the upper, now a ruin, to TJnter-
walden. The Castello Grande is now used as an arsenal and prison;
visitors are admitted to the court and gardens to see the beautiful view
(fee to the guide). Another admirable point is the loftily situated pil¬
grimage-chapel of S. Maria della Salute.
From Bellinzona to Locarno, see p. 36. From Bellinzona across the
Bernardino to Coire, see p. 41.
The lower valley of the Ticino forms a wide plain, enclosed by
lofty mountains, the lower slopes of which are covered with vines,
the higher with walnut and chestnut trees. The train passes through
a tunnel (300 yds.) below the Castello di Mezzo (see above).
At (111 M.) Giubiasco the railway to Locarno (see p. 36) di¬
verges to the right. Our line describes a wide circuit towards the
left, approaches the foot of the mountains near Camorino, and ascends
the slopes of Monte Ceneri. To the right, below us, we see S. An¬
tonio, and farther on Cadenazzo (p. 36). The train passes through
the tunnels of Costa (72 yds.), Precassino (440 yds.), and Meggiagra
(97 yds.). As we ascend we obtain a succession of *Views of Bellin¬
zona and the Ticino Valley, the influx of the Ticino into the Lago
Maggiore, and the N. end of that lake. The train then penetrates
the Monte Ceneri by means of a curved tunnel (1 M. long; ascent
120 ft.), about 380 ft. below the summit of the pass. At the S.
end of the tunnel, in the sequestered valley of the Leguana, lies —
H8V2 M. Rivera-Bironico. The train then skirts the Leguana,
which soon unites with the Vedeggio, a stream descending from
Mte. Camoghe (7303 ft.). The river is now called the Agno, through
the pleasant valley of which the train descends. Beyond the Molin-