3. From Martigny to Arona on the Lago Maggiore
over the Simplon.
12372 M. Railway from Martigny to (48 M.) Brieg in 3 hrs (fares 11 fr. 85,
7 fr. 90, 6 fr. 30c). Diligence from Brieg over the Simplon to Domo
d'Ossola (40 M.) twice daily in summer in 9-93/4 hrs. (fare 16 fr. 85, coupe
20 fr. 30 c); from Domo d'Ossola to Stresa twice daily in 4 hrs. (8 fr. 30,
coupe 10 fr. 50 c), and to Arona (3572 M.) once daily in 6 hrs. (fare 8 fr. 85,
coupe 14fr. 75c). — Extra-Post with two horses from Brieg to Aroni 169fr.
20c, with three horses 239fr. 50c. Private Carriages : to Domo d'Ossola,
with one horse, for 2 pers., 55 fr.; two-horse carr. with 4 seats, 100 fr.;
three-horse carr. with 4-6 places 130 fr.; to the Lago Maggiore (Baveno,
Stresa, Pallanza) 85, 150, and 200fr. respectively (return-carriages cheaper).
The night is usually spent at Domo d'Ossola. — Steamboat from Stresa
or Baveno to Arona, see R. 26.
Martigny (1558 ft. ; *H6tel Clerc; Hotel de la Tour; * Hotel du
Mont Blanc, moderate), is a busy little town in summer, being the
starting-point of the Great St. Bernard and Chamonix routes.
The Railway runs in a straight direction past the Baths of
Saxon to Riddes, where the Rhone is crossed.
15y2 M. Sion, Ger. Sitten (1709 ft.; *Poste; du Midi), with
4900 inhab., the capital of the Canton du Valais, has an important
appearance in the distance with the picturesque castles of Tour-
billon, Majoria, and Valeria towering above it.
2572 M. Sierre, Ger. Siders (1765 ft.; Hotel Bellevue; Poste),
picturesquely situated on a hill. — Beyond Sierre a tunnel is
27 M. Salgesch, French Salquenen. The rocks have been
blasted in several places for the construction of the railway. The
train passes through two short tunnels, and crosses the Rhone.
30^2 M. Leuk-Susten, Fr. Loueche-Souste (2044 ft.; Hotel de
la Souste), station for the Baths of Leuk. The important-looking
old village of Leuk, with its castle and towers, lies high on the
opposite slope. — 33Y2 M. Turtman, Fr. Tourtemagne (2080 ft.),
at the mouth of the Turtman Valley. — 35 M. Gamp el. — 38^2 M.
Raron, Fr. Rarogne, at the mouth of the Bietschthal. — The line
crosses the Visp, which has covered a great part of the valley with
42 M. Vispach or Visp, Fr. Viege (2155 ft.; *Post; *Sonne ;
^Railway Restaurant), picturesquely situated at the entrance to
the Visp Valley, at the head of which rises the snow-clad Balfrin
(12,474 ft.). Beyond Vispach the line again approaches the Rhone.
48 M. Brieg, Fr. Brigue (2244 ft.; *H6tel des Couronnes et
Poste, R.2i/2, D- 41/2fr.; *Angleterre, D.4fr.), a well-built little
town, with a chateau with four towers. The railway terminates here.
The Simplon Route , properly so called, which begins here,
was constructed by order of Napoleon in 1800-1806, and was the
first carriage-road across the Alps from Switzerland to Italy, and,
after the Brenner, the first great route across the Alps. In con¬
struction it is less imposing: than the Snlngen, but its scenery is