26 Route 2.
The tunnel is 26 ft. wide, 19 ft. high, and almost entirely lined with
masonry. It is lighted by lanterns placed at intervals of 500 metres, and
the distances are given in kilometres. The carriages are lighted with
gas. The air in the tunnel, although somewhat close, is not unpleasant.
The transit occupies 30 minutes. Travellers are warned not to protrude
their heads or arms from the carriage-windows during the transit, and
are also recommended to keep the windows shut.
The now deserted Mont Cenis Road, which continues to ascend the
valley of the Arc, was constructed by Fabbroni in 1802-5, during the
reign of Napoleon I. The culminating point of the Mont Cenis (6950 ft.)
lies 17 M. to the E. of the tunnel, which was therefore hardly appro¬
priately called after the mountain. The road then descends to Susa (see
below), about 40 M. from Modane.
At the S. end of the tunnel is (443 M.) stat. Bardonecchia
(4127 ft.). Two tunnels. Stat. Beaulard. Near stat. Oulx(3497ft.),
the Roman Villa Martis, the line enters the valley of the Dora
Riparia. (A road to the S.W. leads hence to Cesanne at the con¬
fluence of the Dora and Ripa, and over the Mont Genevre to the
French fortress of Briancon on the Durance; comp. p. 73.)
The train traverses the picturesque valley of the Dora. Be¬
yond a bridge and two tunnels, we reach stat. Salbertrand (3302 ft.).
The river is again crossed. Before the next station (Chiomonte),
nine tunnels are traversed. To the left, between the second and
third, a glimpse is obtained of the small town of Exilles with the
frontier fortress of that name ; farther on, a fine waterfall. — 453 M.
Chiomonte, or Chaumont (2526 ft.). Then a number of tunnels
and aqueducts. The valley contracts and forms a wild gorge (Le
Gorgie) , of which beautiful views are obtained, with the Mont Ce¬
nis road winding up the hill on the farther side , and the Roche-
melon, Roche-Michel, etc., towering above it. When the valley ex¬
pands , Susa with the arch of Augustus comes in sight on the left
(see below). — 45672 M. Meana (1949 ft.), 1 M. from Susa, lies
324 ft. higher than the latter. Three tunnels. The train then
descends through beautiful chestnut woods , and crosses the Dora.
462 M. Bussoleno.
H* A short branch-line (5 M. in 1/2 hr.; fares, 95, 65, 50 c.) runs hence
to Susa (1625 ft. ; Hotel de France; Soleil), a small and ancient town,
the Roman Segusio, situated on the right bank of the Dora. A garden
on the W. side of the town contains a Triumphal Arch, 44 ft. in height,
39 ft. in width, and 23 ft. in depth, with projecting Corinthian columns
at the corners and sacrificial scenes on the frieze, erected according to the
inscription in A.D. 8. There are also a few other Roman relics. The
church of S. Giusto dates from the 11th century. On the opposite bank
of the Dora rises the fort La Brunette, which was destroyed by the
French in 1798.
Next stations Borgone (where the Dora is crossed), S. Anto-
nino , Condove , and S. Ambrogio, high above which , on a rocky
eminence to the right, rises the abbey of S. Michele della Chiusa, or
La Sagra, remarkable for a peculiar property of its tombs which
convert dead bodies into natural mummies. At stat. Avigliana the
valley expands into a broad plain. Stations Rosta, Alpignano,
496 M. Turin, see p. 60.