1. Route. 21
interesting route at first traverses rocky defiles at some distance
from the sea, and, farther on, commands striking views. Several
tunnels. — 23 M. La Ciotat, charmingly situated on the coast, and
the most beautiful point on the whole journey.
42 M. Toulon (*Grand Hotel, near the station; Victoria; Croix
d'Or; Louvre; Railway Restaurant), the war-harbour of France for
the Mediterranean, with 70,500 inhab., possesses a double harbour,
protected by eleven forts which crown the surrounding heights. In
1707 the town was besieged in vain by Prince Eugene, and in 1793
the inhabitants surrendered to the English Admiral Hood. In De¬
cember of that year it was gallantly defended by a small body of
English soldiers against an enemy of tenfold number, but was at
last taken by storm. The attack was conducted by Bonaparte, lieu¬
tenant of artillery, then 24 years of age. Beautiful *View from the
hill on which stands the fort of La Malgue.
From Toulon to Hyeres , 13 M., railway in 174 hr. (fares 3 fr. 55,
2 fr. 65, 1 fr. 95 c). — 5 M. La Garde; 7 M. La Pauline (Rail. Restaurant),
where our line diverges from the main railway (see below). 13 M. Hyeres-
Ville, 1 M. from the station. 18 M. Les Salins d'Hyeres.
The small town of Hyeres (Hdtels des Ambassadeurs, de VEurope, des
lies d^Hykres, all three open throughout the year; des lies a" Or; des Hes-
pMdes; d'Orient; du Pare; du Louvre; des Alpes Maritimes; des Princes;
Beau-Sijour; de la Miditerranie, less pretending, well spoken of), lies
272 M. from the sea, on the slope of a spur of the lofty Mts. des Maures,
but not sufficiently protected from the Mistral (see p. 12), which some¬
times throws back the vegetation for years. Hyeres has long been fre¬
quented as a winter-residence by persons suffering from pulmonary com¬
plaints (English physicians, Dr. Biden and Dr. Griffith). Beautiful
gardens and a fine avenue of palms. The Islands of Hyeres (the Stoechades
of the ancients) are a group of rocky islands and cliffs near the coast.
The largest of them are the He du Levant or Titan, Portcros, Porquerolles,
and Bagueau. Some of them are fortified and inhabited, but they do not
enjoy so mild a climate as Hyeres itself, being more exposed to the wind.
The peninsula of Giens, which may be visited from Hyeres by carriage
(about 20 fr.), affords a charming view of the islands.
Beyond Toulon the train quits the coast and winds through the
Montagnes des Maures to the N.E. 47 M. La Garde; 49*/2 M. La
Pauline, where the branch to Hyeres diverges (see above). — 85 M.
Les Arcs, whence a branch-line runs to Draguignan.
98 M. Frejus (Hotel du Midi; Hotel de la Poste), a small town
with 3000 inhab., the ancient Forum Julii, founded by Julius
Caesar, contains the remains of a Roman amphitheatre, archway
(Porte Doree), and aqueduct, none of which possess much interest.
101 M. St. Raphael, delightfully situated in a ravine on the
coast. At the small harbour of this place Napoleon landed in
Oct., 1799, on his return from Egypt. Here, too, after his abdi¬
cation, he embarked for Elba, 28th April, 1814. The line tra¬
verses a romantic, rocky district, occasionally affording charming
glimpses of the numerous bays of the coast. Several tunnels.
123 M. Cannes. — Hotels, upwards of sixty in number, of which a
few only need be mentioned. Near the sea, to the W.: 'Hotel d'Esterel ;
*Beau Site, with lift, R. from 2fr. ■, *Hot. Bellevue ; "Pavillon; Square
Brougham. — Near the sea, to the E.: Hot, des Princes, D. 5, B. 172 fr.,