XI. Postal Arrangements.
Post Office. The address of letters, whether poste restante
(Ital. ferma in posta), or to the traveller's hotel, should in all
cases be simple and distinctly legible, all superfluous titles
being omitted. In asking for letters it is a good plan to show
one's visiting card, and to see that a proper search is made
among the poste restante letters.
Postage-stamps (francobolli) are sold at many of the tobacco-
shops. A letter of 15 grammes ('/a oz-> weight of about 3 soldi)
to any of the countries included in the postal union 30 c.; post¬
card (cartolina postale) 15 c ; book-post (stampe sotto fascia) 7 c.
per 50 grammes; registering (raccomandazione) 30 c.
Letters by town-post 5 c.; throughout Italy 20 c. prepaid,
30 c unpaid; post-cards 10c
In the larger towns the post-office is open daily (including
Sundays and holidays) from 9 a. m. to 10 p. m.
Telegram of 20 words to Great Britain 10 (London 9) fr.,
France 4, Germany 5, Switzerland 3, Austria 3 or 4, Belgium 5,
Denmark 7'/2, Russia 11, Norway S1^, Sweden 8 fr. — To
America 10 words 50 fr.
In Italy, 15 words 1 fr.; with special haste 5 fr.; each addi¬
tional word 10 or 50 c. — Registered telegrams may be sent at
XII. Climate. Health.
Climate. Travellers from the north generally become un¬
usually susceptible to cold in Italy, and should therefore be well
supplied with warm clothing for the winter. Carpets and stoves,
to the comforts of which the Italians generally appear indifferent,
are indispensable in winter. A southern aspect is an absolute
essential for the delicate, and highly desirable for the robust.
Colds are most easily caught after sunset and in rainy weather.
Even in summer it is a wise precaution never to wear very light
clothing. Flannel is strongly recommended.
Exposure to the summer sun should be avoided as much as
possible. According to a Roman proverb, dogs and foreigners
(Inglesi) alone walk in the sun, Christians in the shade. Um¬
brellas, and spectacles of coloured glass (grey concave glasses to
protect the whole eye are best) may be used with advantage
when a walk in the sun is unavoidable. Repose during the hot¬
test hours is advisable, and a siesta of moderate length refresh¬
ing. Windows should be closed at night to exclude malarious air.
Health. English and German medical men and chemists
are to be met with in the larger cities. The Italian thera¬
peutic art does not enjoy a very high reputation in the rest of
Europe. It may, however, sometimes be prudent, in the case
of maladies arising from local causes, to employ native skill.