train, but the issue of the tickets is often so extremely slow that
travellers with luggage should always endeavour to be among the
first applicants. The exact fare should, if possible, be kept in
readiness in order that farther delay may be avoided. The wait¬
ing-rooms are kept closed until half-an-hour before the departure
of the train. By a law passed on 14 Oct. 1866, a tax of 5 c.
is imposed on each railway-ticket. Except at Naples and a few
other large stations, passengers do not give up their tickets until
they leave the station (where uscita is usually called out to attract
The traveller is recommended to ascertain the weight of his
luggage, if possible, before going to the station, in order to guard
against imposition. Luggage may be booked to any station whether
the passenger accompanies it or not, and the traveller is thus en¬
abled to send his luggage to his final destination while he himself
breaks his journey at pleasure. No luggage is allowed free, but
what is taken by the passenger into his carriage, which must not
exceed 20 kilogrammes (about 44 lbs. Engl.) in weight. Porters
who convey luggage to and from the carriages expect a few sous
where there is no fixed tariff. Travellers who make a short stay
only at any station may deposit their luggage at the luggage office
(dare in deposito, or depositare).
Excursion-tickets are issued on the N. Italian and Roman rail¬
ways only (the latter extending as far as Naples), but not on the
>S. Italian lines. Through-tickets to Naples, Brindisi, etc, may be
obtained in England and in Germany.
Steamboats. A voyage on the Mediterranean or Adriatic is
almost inseparable from a tour in Southern Italy. If the vessel
plies near the coast, the voyage is often entertaining; and if the
open sea is traversed, the magnificent Italian sunsets, lighting up
the deep blue water with their crimson rays, present a scene not
easily forgotten. Rough weather is not very often to be appre¬
hended in summer.
Tickets should be purchased by the traveller in person at the office
of the company. The ticket is furnished with the purchaser's name and
destination, the name of the vessel, and the hour of departure. Fares
(recently raised), duration of voyage, etc. are stated in each instance in
the following pages. First and second class family-tickets, for not fewer
than three persons, are issued by all the companies at a reduction of
20 per cent on the passage-money, but nut on the cost of food. A child
of 2-10 years pays half-fare, but in this case must share, the berth of its
attendant. Two children are entitled to a berth for themselves.
The Fibst Class saloons and berths are comfortably and elegantly
fitted up, those of the Second tolerably. Second-class passengers, like
those of the lirst, have free access to every part of the deck.
Luggage. First-class passengers are allowed 70 kilogrammes (156 lbs.
Engl.), second-class 45 kilogr. (100 lbs.), but articles not intended for per¬
sonal use are prohibited.
Food of good quality and ample quantity is generally included in the
lirst and second-class fares. Dijeuner a la fviirc/ip.tte, served at 10, con¬
sists of 3-4 courses, table wine, and coffee. Dinner is a similar repast
between 5 and 0 o'clock. At 7 p. m. tea is served in the lirst, but not