III. Passports. Custom-house. Luggage.
Passports. Passports are not required in Italy, but it is un¬
wise not to be provided with one of these documents, as it may
occasionally prove useful. Registered letters, for example, are not
delivered to strangers unless they exhibit a passport as a guar¬
antee of their identity. In the remote districts, too, where the
public safety still demands rigorous supervision, especially in the
southern provinces, the traveller who cannot show his creden¬
tials is liable to detention. The Italian police authorities, how¬
ever, will be found uniformly civil and obliging.
Custom House. The examination of luggage which takes
place at the Italian custom - houses on the arrival of the traveller
by land or sea, even when the vessel has come from another
Italian port, is usually very lenient. Tobacco and cigars are
the articles most sought for. The ' dazio consumo', or mu¬
nicipal tax levied on comestibles in most of the Italian towns,
seldom of course requires to be paid by ordinary travellers. An
assurance that their luggage contains nothing liable to duty gen¬
erally suffices to prevent detention.
Luggage. If possible, luggage should never be sent to Italy
by goods' train, and then only through the medium of a trustworthy
goods' agent, to whom the keys must be forwarded. As a rule
the traveller will find it advisable, and less expensive, never to
part from his luggage, and to superintend the custom-house
examination in person.
IV. Public Safety. Begging.
Travelling in the neighbourhood of Naples and many other
regions of Southern Italy is now hardly attended with greater
hazard than in any of the northern European countries. The
traveller may, however, be reminded of the risk of taking up
his quarters for the night in inferior or little frequented inns
in large towns, and Naples in particular is notorious for dangers
of this kind. Most of the high roads , and even the less fre¬
quented districts, may also be pronounced safe, especially for
unpretending travellers. Temporary associations of freebooters
are indeed occasionally formed, even in the most secure districts,
for some predatory enterprise, but the attacks of such bands are
generally directed against wealthy inhabitants of the country,
who are known to be travelling with large sums of money, and
seldom against strangers, with whose movements and finances
sing., should always be employed (addressing several at once, 'loro' with
the 3rd pers. pi.). 'Voi' is used in addressing waiters, drivers, etc., Hu'
by those only who are prolicient in the language. 'Voi' is the commonest
mode of address employed by the Neapolitans, but is generally regarded
as inelegant or uncourteous.