372 Environs of Rome. OLEVANO. Sabine Mts.
brick-masonry of the empire. Two walls, of which that to the N. is
the best preserved, connected the town with the citadel (Arx) on
the summit of the hill, now Castel S. Pietro, consisting of a few
poor houses. A somewhat fatiguing path ascends from the Palazzo
Barberini in 11/2 hr. , for which, however, the noble prospect
from the summit (2546 ft.) amply compensates. The vast Cam¬
pagna, from which the dome of St. Peter's rises, is surveyed as
far as the sea; to the right rise Soracte and the Sabine Mts., then
the Alban range; to the left is the valley of the Sacco, bounded
by the Volscian Mts. The picturesque, half-dilapidated Fortezza
was erected by the Colonnas in 1332. The door is opened on ap¬
plication (V2-l fr.) ; the approach is uncomfortable, but the view
from the interior is particularly fine.
The extensive ruins of the Villa of Hadrian, where the beautiful An¬
tinous Braschi, now in the Rotonda of the Vatican (p. 313) was found,
arc near the church of S. Maria della Villa, 3/< M. from the town. In
the forum of the ancient, Prfeneste, in 1773, was found the calendar of
Verrins Flaccus, now in the Paiazzo Vidoni at Rome (p. 201). The excav¬
ations at, Palestrina have always yielded a rich harvest; the so-called cisttc,
or toilet-caskets, including the celebrated Ficoronian (p. 151), have all
been found here.
From Palestrina to Tivoli by Zagarolo and Passerano 15 M.
(comp. p. 367).
From Palestrina to Olevano, about 11 M., a drive of2'/2hrs.
(the vetturino from Rome proceeds in the afternoon to Olevano;
carriage 8-10 fr.). This is a very picturesque route. To the left,
and before us are the Sabine Mts., to the right the Volscian, and
behind us the Alban Mts. The road from Rome passes below Pal¬
estrina (p. 370). Beyond a seven-arched bridge across the Fiume
di Cavi we reach (2M.) Cavi, a village with 2000 inhah., the prop¬
erty of the Colonna family. (Above it, 4 M. distant, lies the small
village ol Rocca di Cavi.) The road pursues a straight direction,
and soon passes the church of the Madonna del Campo, 2 M. beyond
which a road to Genazzauo diverges to the left.
Genazzano, a pleasant little town with 3000 inhab., is famed for its
richly endowed pilgrimage-chapel of the Madonna del Buon Consiglio,
which attracts crowds of devotees in their picturesque costumes on
festivals ot the Virgin. We may now return to the high road, or proceed
through the valley direct to Olevano by an interesting, but rugged route.
The road farther on again crosses two bridges, beyond the second
of which, tin; Ponte d'Orsino, it divides ; the branch to the left leads
lo Olevano, that to the right to Paliano. The former road at first
gradually ascends, and then describes a long curve, causing Olevano
to appear much nearer than it really is (vetturino, see p. 370).
Olevano, a mediaeval place, with about 3000 inhab. and the
»canty remains of an ancient wall, the property of the Borghese,
lies most picturesquely on the slope of a mountain, and is com¬
manded by the ruins of an ancient castle. The interior of the town,
with its narrow and dirty streets, presents no attractions. At the
entrance to the town is the new *Albergo di Roma, where the vet-