Sabine Mts. SUBIACO. Environs of Rome. 367
Quintiliolo. A ' Villa of Horace', although the poet never possessed
one at Tibur, is also pointed out by the guides. From S. Maria we
cross the meadows between old olive trees, and in about 20 min.
reach a road descending in a few minutes to the left, to the Ponte
dell' Acquoria, by which we cross the Anio. On the left bank of the
river we ascend the hill to the left, partly by an ancient pavement,
and join the road from Rome. Here, to the left, are the colonnades,
which have long been visible from the opposite bank, of the so-
called Villa of Maecenas, where an iron manufactory is now estab¬
lished. On the other side of the road is an ancient circular build¬
ing, known by the curious name of Tempio della Tosse, or 'temple
of the cough', probably a tomb of the Turcia, or Tuscia family. From
this point to the Porta del Colle of Tivoli about y2 M.
The *Villa d' Este , near the Porta del Colle, is worthy of a
visit. (The lower entrance being closed, we must ascend, and in the
street to the right proceed to the upper entrance adjacent to the
church of S. Francesco.) The Villa was erected by Pirro Ligorio in
1549 for Card. Ippolito d'Este, and presented by the Duke of Mod-
ena to Card. Hohenlohe. Though sadly neglected, it still retains
traces of its former splendour. In the casino are frescoes by Fede¬
rigo Zucchero and Muziano (damaged). The garden contains terraces,
which are best seen from the cypress plateau with the four foun¬
tains, grottoes with cascades, densely shaded avenues, magnificent
groups of trees of most varied hues, and charming points of view.
The Villa Braschi, founded by Pius VI., and the Terrace of the
Jesuits' College near the Porta S. Croce also afford magnificent views
of the Campagna and Rome.
Besides the ancient villas already mentioned there are traces
of many others on the slopes near Tivoli. In those below the Greek
college, which have been named villas of Cassius and M. Brutus,
were found a number of works of art, several of which are ex¬
hibited in the Sala delle Muse in the Vatican (see p. 312).
Beautiful Excursions may be made from Tivoli to the Sabine Mts. To
Subiaco, see below; to the lower valley of Licenza, see p. 374; to Ampiglione,
see p. 368; to S. Angelo, see p. 374; Monticelli, see p. 374; Palombaro, see
p. 350; Monte Gennaro, see p. 373; also to Palestrina (beautiful, but fat¬
iguing) by Gericomio, 8. Gregorio, Casape, and Poli (7 hrs.), or by a nearer
carriage-road via Passerano and Zagarolo (15 M.).
From Tivoli to Subiaco, 25 M., a Vetlurino runs daily in 5 hrs.,
starting early in the morning (fare 4 fr.); a seat in other conveyances may
also frequently be procured. Carriage with two horses generally 20 fr.
and a fee. (From Rome to Subiaco 8 fr.; starting-point and booking, see
A shorter route for pedestrians (about 19 M.) in 7-8 hrs., very interesting
at places, but fatiguing, leads from Tivoli through the valley of the aque¬
duct, and by Gerano (about two-thirds of the way), as far as which it is a
carriage-road. Guide from Gerano necessary, l'/2 fr.; donkey l'/2 fr. (Comp.
Maps, pp. 363, 367).
Pedestrians quit Tivoli by the Porta S. Giovanni, and follow the