Alban Mts. ALBANO. Environs of Rome. 359
of the Tiber, after which, however, the ancient festivals of the League on
the Alban Mt. still continued to be celebrated here.
From Palazzuola a beautiful road leads above the lake to('21/;;M.)
Albano, terminating at the Galleria di Sopra (p. 360), whence we
descend to the left past the Capuchin monastery.
Railway from Rome to Albano, IT/i M., in about 1 hr.; fares 3 fr.
30, 2 fr. 30, 1 fr. 65 c.; express 4 fr. 40, 2 fr. 95 c. (comp. p. 354).
Soon after quitting the city the train diverges from the line to Civita
Vecchia; on the left is the Porta S. Lorenzo, on the right the arches of the
Acqua Felice, then the tombs of the Via Appia. To the left the Sabine
and Alban Mts.; at the foot of the latter, Frascati (p. 354) is a conspic¬
uous object. At (9 M.) Ciampino the line to Frascati diverges to the left,
while the S. line approaches the Alban Mts. — 16 M. Marino lies on the
nearest chain of hills on the left; above it, on the mountain, is Rocca,
adjoining which on the right rises Monte Cavo with the white monastery
walls. The train then passes through a cutting. To the left, on the olive-
clad hill, appears Castel Gandolfo, immediately beyond which Albano and
Ariccia, connected by a viaduct, are visible in the distance. These two
towns possess stat. Albano, or La Cecina, in common, in a lonely and un¬
An omnibus (fare 1 fr.) runs from the station in 3/4 hr. to the town
of Albano, 3 M. distant. (As the omnibus is often full, a seat should be
secured at once.) The ascent is picturesque, although there are few distant
views. The ruins of Castello Savelli soon appear on the right; La Turri,
or Torrelta, on the left. A magnificent view of Ariccia is then obtained,
with the ancient castle (p. 361) on the right, and the imposing viaduct
on the left, and farther to the left, Albano; to the right, by the entrance
to the town, stands the Villa Loncampa. The omnibus stops in the Piazza.
The High Road from Rome to Albano, the Via Appia Nuova, is also
still much frequented, especially by those who wish to combine this ex¬
cursion with a visit to the ancient Via Appia (comp. p. 342); the vetturini
mentioned at, p. 113 perform the journey in 2'/2 hrs. (fare 2>/2 fr., not
recommended to strangers).
The Via Appia Nuova quits Rome by the Porta S. Giovanni (p. 268) ;
the ancient Via Appia which is rather longer, by the Porta S. Sebastiano
(p. 260). The two roads unite at the Fratocchie, by the 11th milestone of the
new road. On the left side of the road Clodius once possessed a villa; to
the right in the valley lay Bovillae, a colony of Alba Longa, with a sanc¬
tuary of the Gens Julia, where the remains of a theatre and circus may
still be traced. Remains of walls and tombs are seen on both sides of the
road. A large square structure, about 33 ft. in height, with three niches,
was long erroneously regarded as the tomb of Clodius. The road ascends.
The high ground here commands a fine survey of the Campagna, the sea,
and Rome. Near the gate of Albano, at the 14th milestone, on the left,
is the so-called Tomb of Pompey (p. 360).
Albano. — Ville de Paris, in the Palazzo Feoli, R. 3 fr., dear; Roma,
at the end of the town, near the bridge 'leading to Ariccia; Europa, or
Posta, R. 2 fr., 'vino del paese' '/ifr., a cafe on the ground-floor; Russia,
at the Porta Romana.
"Trattoria in the Piazza Principe Umberto, where the omnibuses
stop; the landlord also procures bedrooms for visitors. — Cafe in the Corso. —
Vetturino to Rome in summer daily at 5 a, m.; at other times also a seat.
may be obtained in a carriage by enquiring at the inns and cafes.
Albano (1250ft. above the sea), a small town with 2900 inhab..
situated on the ruins of the villa of Pompey and of the Albanum of
Domitian, is mentioned as early as 460 as the seat of a bishop, and