2S2 V. Right Hank. ROME. * Pietr0
completed the drum of the dome, and left behind him drawings
and models for the completion of the work up to the lantern, a task
which was executed by Giacomo delta Porta and Carlo Fontana.
Notwithstanding the vastness of its dimensions, the dome presents
a marvellously airy and symmetrical appearance.
After the death of Michael Angelo (d. 1564) the building of the
church was continued by Vignola, Pirro Ligorio. and the already
mentioned Giacomo della Porta. In 1606 the church was completed
with the exception of the facade, when Paul V. introduced an un¬
fortunate alteration. Contrary to the plan of Bramante and Michael
Angelo, he caused the nave to be lengthened, and the present weak
and unsuitable facade to be erected by Carlo Maderna. Lastly
Bernini (after 1626) finished the building in a most unsuitable way.
He designed two campanili to be erected on each side of the church,
but the only one which was built had to be removed owing to the
insecurity of the foundation. The effect was afterwards enhanced
by the double colonnades erected in front, also by Bernini, in the
pontificate of Alexander VII.
The new church was consecrated hy Pope Urban VIII., on 18th
Nov. 1626, on the 1300th anniversary of the day on which St. Sil¬
vester is said to have consecrated the original edifice. The interior
was filled by Bernini with the sculptures of his contemporaries, the
buttresses covered with marble of different colours, and niches,
which destroyed the massive effect, were formed in the principal
pillars. By the end of the 17th cent, the cost of building St. Pe¬
ter's had amounted to upwards of 47 million scudi (nearly 10 mil¬
lion pounds sterling), and the present expense of its maintenance
is about 7500 pounds per annum. The new sacristy, erected by
Pius VI., cost 960,000 sc. (about 180,000 pounds).
The result of these various vicissitudes is that St. Peter's is the
largest and most imposing, although not the most beautiful church
in the world; its area is 26,163 sq. yds., while that of the cathedral
at Milan is 14,501, St. Paul's at London 13,429. and St. Sophia at
Constantinople 11,891 sq. yds.
The measurements are variously stated bv different authorities, but
the following are approximately accurate. Length of the interior 205 yds.,
or including the walls 213 yds.; length of St. Paul's in London 170 yds.;
cathedral at Florence 163 yds.; cathedral at Milan 148 yds.; S. Paolo
Fuori le Mura 139 yds.; St. Sophia at Constantinople 118 yds — Accord¬
ing to the measurements of Carlo Fontana, the total length of St. Peter's,
including tlie portico, is iii yds.; height of nave 150 ft • breadth of
nave in front 29 yds., and at. the back, behind the tribune 26 vds.;
length of transept inside 150 yds - The Dome, from the pavement to
the summit of the lantern, is 4t« ft. in height, to the summit nf the
cross 435 ft.; its diameter is 138ft., or about 5ft. less tl^l n°,t „f
the Pantheon. The church contains 29 altars, in addition tnti„i.t.
altar, and 148 columns. ° Uie mga"
The Facade, with S columns 4 pilasters, and 6 semi-pilasters
ot the Corinthian order, is 123 yds. long, and 165 ft. jri height It
is surmounted by a balustrade with statues of the Savic A