278 V. Right Bank. ROME. The Borgo.
formerly the Piazza Pia, whence four streets diverge to the W.:
in the centre, on both sides of the fountain, which like the two
adjacent facades was erected by Pius IX., arc the streets called
the Borgo Vecchio (1.) and Borgo Nuovo (r.); to the left, by the
river, the Borgo S. Spirito; to the right is the Borgo S. Angelo.
To the N., between the latter and the city-wall, lies a dirty quarter
consisting of mean houses.
The ordinary route to the Vatican is by the Borgo Nuovo. To
the right in this street is the church of S. Maria Traspontina (PL I,
7. 5), erected in 1566. Farther on, to the right, in the small Piazza
Scossa Cavalli, is the handsome *Palazzo Giraud (PL 4), now Tor¬
lonia, the property of Prince Torlonia, erected in 1506 by Bramante
for Card. Adriano da Corneto ; the poor portal dates from the 18th
cent. In an adjacent building are several valuable antiquities, in¬
cluding the so-called Vesta Giustiniani; visitors not admitted. —
Near it is the insignificant church of S. Giacomo (PL 7). In the
centre of the piazza is a small fountain.
On the right in the Borgo Nuovo, farther on, is the Pal. Ric-
ciardi, erected for Giacomo da Brescia, the physician of Leo X.,
from a design attributed to Bald. Peruzzi. Proceeding hence in a
straight direction, we reach the Piazza Rusticucci, 288 yds. in
length , which forms a kind of entrance-court to St. Peter's. Ra¬
phael's house, which stood on the right side, near the Pal. Ac-
coramboni (PL 2), was removed when the piazza was enlarged.
The Borgo S. Spirito, issuing from the Piazza del Plebiscito
(or Pia), terminates under the colonnades of the piazza of St. Peter.
To the left in this street, by the river , is the spacious Ospedale di
S. Spirito (PL I, 7), established by Innocent III., and embracing a
hospital, a lunatic-asylum, a foundling-institution (shown 2-4 p.
m. ; permesso obtained at the office of the administration, or in the
library), an establishment for the reception of girls, a refuge for the
aged and infirm, and a valuable medical library (open 8-12 o'clock).
The three departments first mentioned can accommodate 1000, 500,
and 3000 persons respectively. The Military Hospital is on the
opposite side of the street. The 'borgo', or settlement, of the
English was once situated here.
Farther on , to the left, is the church of >S. Spirito in Sassia
(PL 12), erected by Antonio da S. Gallo under Paul III., and the
facade by Mascherino under Sixtus V. It belongs to the adjoining
hospital and contains nothing noteworthy, except a bronze ciborium
attributed to Palladio over the high-altar.
We next observe on the left, at the end of a side-street, the
Porta S. Spirito, from which the Via della Longara leads to
Trastevere (see p. 320).
A short distance from the colonnades, on the right, is S. Lo-
ren-.o in Piscibus (PL 10), a church of ancient origin, but rebuilt in
1650; on the left is the small church of S. Michele in Sassia, formerly