ROME. IV. Ancient Rome. 273
of porphyry. Opposite the entrance: statue of a captive barbarian, un¬
finished , interesting on account of the marks of measurement made by the
sculptor. Below, sarcophagus of L. Annius Octavius with representation
of bread making; adjacent is the inscription: — Evasi, effugi, Spes el For-
tttna valetel Nil mihi vobiscum est, ludificale alios. By the door of egress,
casts of the statues of Sophocies (see above) and jEschines at Naples, inter¬
esting for comparison. — XV. Room and the following are devoted to the
yield of the new excavations at Ostia. In the glass-cabinets under the win¬
dows are lamps, terracottas, fragments of glass, ivory-articles, etc. On the
pillar, mosaic from a niche, with Silvanus; on each side fragments of slabs
of terracotta. Wall of egress: right Sarcophagus with Tritons and Nereids.
Then (1.) a !!small female head, probably of a nymph; head of Alexander.
Above, to the right by the door, head of Atthis. — XVI. Room. On the
right, lead pipes from ancient aqueducts. Pictures from a tomb near Ostia
with scenes from the lower regions. In the centre the statue of a Recumbent
Atthis, found at Ostia in 1869, interesting on account of the traces of
gilding on the hair and the crescent.
The Christian Museum and the Picture Gallery are established
on the first floor of the palace. The principal entrance to them is
on the farther side of the court, to the right. If this entrance is
closed, we ring, as mentioned at p. 271, in the entrance passage,
then, in the arcades to the right, ascend a staircase to the left, into
the walls of which are built ancient Christian inscriptions, and
knock at the door at the top (}/% fr.). Compare also Plan.
The *Christian Museum was founded by Pius IX. and arranged
by the Padre Marchi and the Commendatore de Rossi. We begin
our description from the above mentioned principal entrance.
In the first hall a statue of Christ by Sosnowsky; in the wall three
mosaics : that in the centre, Christ, Peter, and Paul from the lower church
of St. Peter; the two others from the catacombs.
In the large Corridor of the Staircase a -collection of ancient Chris¬
tian sarcophagi, chiefly of the 4th and 5th centuries, with representations
from the Old and New Testament. On the right, by the end wall: two statues
of the Good Shepherd; large sarcophagus with reliefs of the Creation,
Miracle of the loaves, Raising of Lazarus, Adoration of the Magi, Daniel
among the lions, Moses striking the rock for water, etc. On the staircase
(1.) 1st sarcophagus, Miracle of Jonah; 2nd. Christ's entry into Jerusalem.
At the top: (1.) 4th. The Good Shepherd among vines, with genii gather¬
ing grapes, in allusion to the parables of the New Testament. There are
also: the Denial of Peter, the Healing of the lame man, and that of the
blind man, the Sacrifice of Isaac, the Men in the fiery furnace; then,
farther on, a medieval canopy and an interesting sarcophagus with scenes
from the Passion. Above, on the wall of the staircase, the manger
and adoration of the Magi. Below, translation of Elijah. Above, on the
end wall, 'sitting statue of St. Hippolytus, upper part modern , from the
catacombs near S. Lorenzo Fuori le Mura; on the chair a Greek inscription
recording the saint's achievements and an Easter-table. The door on the
left leads to the upper arcades, and the opposite door to the rooms with the
collection of pictures, etc.
The posterior walls of the three open Arcades present a selection
of -Ancient Christian Inscriptions, systematically arranged by De Rossi, an
invaluable aid to the student of Christian archaeology. They are distributed
according to arches thus: lst-3rd. Elegies on martyrs, etc. of the age of
Damasus I. (366-384); 4th-7th. Dated inscriptions (238-557); 8th, 9th. In¬
scriptions of doctrinal importance; 10th. Popes, presbyters, deacons; 11th,
12th. Other illustrious personages; 13th. Relations, friends, etc.; 14th-16th.
Symbolic and other records; 17th and follg. Simple epitaphs from various
The Collection of Pictures contains a few ancient mosaics,
Baedeker. Italy II. 6th Edition. J8